Amlwch Data

Information about the history and and genealogy of Amlwch,Anglesey

A GLOSSARY OF OLD MEDICAL TERMS

Medical term Description
Abscess A localized collection of pus buried in tissues, organs, or confined, spaces of the body, often accompanied by swelling andinflammation
Accoucheur  A man who acts as a midwife.
Accoucheuse  A midwife.
Acescency  A tendency to sourness; incipient or slight acidity.
Addison's disease A disease characterized by severe weakness, low blood pressure, and a bronzed coloration of the skin, due to decreased secretion of cortisol.
Advert Used here in the archaic connotation: to turn one's attention toward, to take heed of, to observe.
Ague  Used to describe the recurring fever and chills of malarial infection
Ague-cake A form of enlargement of the spleen, resulting from the actionof malaria on the system.                        
Alvine  Of or pertaining to the bowels.
American Plague yellow fever
Anasarca Generalized massive dropsy. See dropsy.
Anile  Late Middle English: of or like an old woman; imbecile.
Aperient A laxative medicine or food.
Aphonia  Laryngitis
Aphthae See thrush.
Aphthous stomatitis See canker.
Apoplexy  [Late Middle English, through Late Latin from Greek apoplexia] 1 A sudden loss of sensation and movement due to a disturbance of blood supply to the brain; a stroke. 2 With specifying word: a haemorrhage or failure of blood supply in another organ or part. Now rare or obsolete.
Ascites See dropsy.
Asthenia See debility.
Atrophy of liver Any kind of wasting or diminshed function and could be applied to other organs
Avoirdupois  A system of weights based on a pound (avoirdupois pound) of 16 ounces or 7000 grains.
Azote Nitrogen.
Bad blood Syphilis
Bilious fever A term loosely applied to certain intestinal and malarial fevers. See typhus.
Biliousness A complex of symptoms comprising nausea, abdominal discomfort,headache, and constipation--formerly attributed to excessive secretion of bile from the liver.
Bistoury A surgeon's instrument, used in making incisions, of which there are three sorts; the blade of the first turns like that of a lancet; but the straight bistoury has the blade fixed in the handle; the crooked bistoury is shaped like a half moon, having the edge on the inside. [Johnson's Dictionary, 9th Edition, 1806]
Blood poisoning Septicemia
Boil An abscess of skin or painful inflammation of the skin or a hair
Brain fever See meningitis, typhus.
Bright's Disease Glomerulonephritis (kidney inflammation)
Bronchial asthma A disorder of breathing, characterized by spasm of the bronchial tubes of the lungs, wheezing, and difficulty in breathing air
Camp Fever  Typhus
Cancer A malignant and invasive growth or tumor. In the nineteenth century, cancerous tumors tended to ulcerate, grew constantly
Cancrum oris A severe, destructive, eroding ulcer of the cheek and lip. In he last century it was seen in delicate, ill-fed, ill-tended children
Canine Madness  Hydrophobia
Canker An ulcerous sore of the mouth and lips, not considered fatal today.
Catalepsy seizures/trances
Catamenia  The menstrual discharge.
Cataplasm  Poultice.
Catarrh Inflammation of a mucous membrane, especially of the air passages
Cerate [ from cera, Latin, wax] A medicine made of wax, which, with oil, or some softer substance, makes a consistence softer than a plaster. [Johnson's Dictionary, 9th Edition, 1806]
Chincough Whooping cough
Chlorosis  Iron deficiency anemia
Choke-damp Asphyxiating gas, largely carbon dioxide, accumulated in a mine, well, etc.
Cholera An acute, infectious disease characterized by profuse diarrhea,
Cholera infantum A common, noncontagious diarrhea of young children
Chorea Any of several diseases of the nervous system, characterized by
Cicatrized  Scarred.
Climacteric or climacterick  Pertaining to or constituting a critical period in human life; also had a medical sense meaning (in females) occurring at or characteristic of menopause, or (in males) the period when fertility and libido are in decline. Grand climateric designated the 63rd year of life, supposed to be especially critical.
Close  Used here in one of the older senses: severe, rigorous, confined, airless, stifling.
Clyster I njection, enema.
Cocker  Pamper, indulge, coddle.
Colic Paroxysmal pain in the abdomen or bowels. Infantile colic is benign
Congestion An excessive or abnormal accumulation of blood or other fluid
Congestive Fever malaria
Consumption A wasting away of the body; formerly applied especially to pulmonary tuberculosis.
Convulsions Severe contortion of the body caused by violent, involuntary muscular contrcations
Corals in their hands  "Red coral was regarded as the proper material for a baby to cut its teeth on from the Middle Ages until the end of the nineteenth century, when it was supplanted by hard rubber and then by plastics. A child's teething stick was often referred to as a coral." Thanks to Susan C. Mitchell for this information.
Corruption  Infection
Coryza  A cold
Costive  Here meaning constipated; elsewhere may mean reticent, slow, niggardly, etc.
Costiveness  Constipation
Cramp Colic  Appendicitis
Cretinism Hypothyroidism, congenital
Croup Hoarse croaking cough associated with inflammation of the larynx and trachea in children
Debility Abnormal bodily weakness or feebleness; decay of strength. This
Diphtheria An acute infectious disease off the upper respuratory tract
Distemper  Used here in the historical sense: Disturbed condition of the body or mind; ill health, illness; a mental or physical disorder; a disease or ailment.
Downy  Evidently used here in the sense of the old slang phrase To do the downy i.e. to lie in bed.
Dropsy A contraction for hydropsy. The presence of abnormally large amounts of fluid. Congestive heart failure
Dysentery A term given to a number of disorders marked by inflammation of the intestines (especially of the colon)
Dyspepsia  Acid indigestion
Eclampsia A form of toxemia (toxins--or poisons--in the blood)
Electuary  A form of medicine made of conserves and powders, in the consistence of honey.
Embrocate.  To rub any part diseased with medicinal liquors. [Johnson's Dictionary, 9th Edition, 1806]
Emphysema, pulmonary A chronic, irreversible disease of the lungs.
Empirics  Used here with the archaic connotation: a person who practises medicine without scientific knowledge; a quack; a charlatan.
Enteric fever See typhoid fever.
Epilepsy A disorder of the nervous system
Esculent  Fit for food, eatable.
Extravasted Blood  Rupture of the blood vessel
Faggot  Used here in the Middle English sense of a bundle of sticks or twigs tied together for fuel.
Falling Sickness  Epilepsy
Farinaceous  Consisting of, made of, or characterized by flour or meal.
Fatty liver Cirrhosis
Fatuity  Used here in the older sense meaning imbecility, dementia.
Fecula  [Latin faecula crust of wine, dim. of faex meaning dregs, sediment] 1 Sediment resulting from infusion of crushed vegetable matter; esp. starch obtained in this way. 2 Faecal matter of insects or other invertebrates. Modern usage of feculence and feculent meaning "filth, scum, containing or of the nature of feces" is derived from the 2nd meaning.
Fleam An instrument used to bleed cattle, which is placed on the vein, and then driven by a blow. [Johnson's Dictionary, 9th Edition, 1806]
Flus of Humour  Circulation
Flux See dysentery.
French Pox  Venereal disease
Funk.  A stink. A low word. [Johnson's Dictionary, 9th Edition, 1806]
Furuncle See boil.
Fustian  A napped fabric of a mixture of linen and cotton or wool, or a blanket made of such material. [The New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary]
Gamboge  A gum resin used as a bright yellow pigment and as a purgative; obtained from various eastern Asian trees of the genus Garcinia.
Gangrene Death and decay of tissue in a part of the body--usually alimb--
Glandular fever Mononucleosis
Glareous  [from glarieux, French] Consisting of viscous transparent matter, like the white of an egg. [Johnson's Dictionary, 9th Edition, 1806]
Gleet See catarrh. 
Gravel A disease characterized by small stones which are formed in the kidneys, 
Green Sickness  Anemia
Griped With respect to the bowels: afflicted with spasmodic pain as if by contraction or constriction.
Grippe an old term for influenza
Handsel [Late Middle English] A gift supposedly bringing good luck, given to mark the beginning of a new year, a new enterprise, the wearing of new clothes, etc.
Hectic fever A daily recurring fever with profound sweating, chills, and
Hip Gout  Osteomylitis
Hives A skin eruption of smooth, slightly elevated areas on the skin which is redder or paler than the surrounding skin.commonly given cause of death of children three years andunder Because true hives does not kill, croup was probably the actual killer
Hospital fever See typhus.
Hydrocephalus See dropsy.
Hydrothorax See dropsy.
Icterus See jaundice.
Inanition Exhaustion from lack of nourishment; starvation.
Intermittent Fever  Illness marked by episodes of fever with return to completely normal temperature; usually malaria.
Jail fever See typhus.
Jaundice Yellow discoloration of the skin, whites of the eyes, and mucous
Kidney stone See gravel.
Kings evil A popular name for scrofula. The name originated in the time of Edward the Confessor, with the belief that the disease could be cured by the touch of the king of England.
Kink Fit of coughing or choking
Lenitive  Assuasive, emolient. [Johnson's Dictionary, 9th Edition, 1806]
Liberty  Used here in a late Middle English sense: A district controlled by a city though outside its boundary, or a district within the limits of a county but exempt from the jurisdiction of the sheriff and having a separate commission of the peace.
Little's Disease  Spastic diplegia.
Lockjaw Tetanus, a disease in which the jaws become firmly locked
Lues Venera  Venereal disease
Lumbago  Back pain
Lung Fever  Pneumonia
Lung Sickness  Tuberculosis
Malignant fever See typhus.
Manna  A gum, or honey-like juice concreted into a solid form, seldom so dry but it adheres to the fingers: its colour is whitish, or brownish, and it has sweetness, and with it a sharpness that renders it agreeable: manna is the product of two different trees, both varieties of the ash: when the heats are free from rain, these trees exudate a white juice. It is but lately that the world were convinced of the mistake of manna being an aerial produce, by covering a tree with sheets in the manna season, and the finding as much manna on it as on those which were open to the air. [Johnson's Dictionary, 9th Edition, 1806]
Marasmus Malnutrition occurring in infants and young children.
Milk Sick poisoning resulting from the drinking of milk produced by a cow who had eaten a plant known as white snake root
Mormal gangrene
Mortification  Infection
Mostalgia  Homesickness
Neuralgia Sharp and paroxysmal pain along the course of a sensory nerve.
Open winter A winter free from frost; may derive from the fact that ports and harbors remain open during such a winter because they are not blocked by ice.
Operative  An older usage: concerned with mechanical or manual work.
Panada Bread boiled in water to a pulp and flavoured.
Paristhmitis See quinsy.
Petechial fever See typhus.
Phthisic, phthisis  [From Greek phthisikos through Latin and Old French] 1 Pulmonary tuberculosis. 2 Any of various lung or throat affections; a severe cough; asthma. 3 Wasting of the body or pulmonary tuberculosis
Phthisis See consumption.
Physic [From Latin physica and Greek phusike through Old French fisique] 1 Natural science. 2 The art or practice of healing. Medical people collectively. 3 Medical treatment; fig. a healthy practice or habit; a mental, moral, or spiritual remedy. 4 Medicine; specifically, a cathartic. 5 Medical science; the physician's art.
Pilch  A triangular piece of (usually waterproof) material worn over a baby's nappy (diaper).
Pin-a-fore  1 An apron, especially one with a bib, originally pinned to the front of a dress; a sleeveless wraparound garment tied at the back, worn to protect the clothes. 2 Historical A collarless sleeveless girl's garment worn over a dress and fastened at the back.
Plague/Black Death Bubonic Plague
Pleurisy Inflammation of the pleura, the lining of the chest cavity.
Pneumonia Inflammation of the lungs
Podagra Gout
Podagra Gout
Pomatum Hair ointment, pomade.
Posture Used here in an archaic sense: position relative to that of another; situation.
Pott's disease Tuberculosis of the spinal vertebrae
Pultaceous  Semi-fluid, pulpy.
Purgings As used here, means a violent evacuation of the bowels.
Purlieu  [Probably from Anglo-Norman purale] 1. historical A tract of land on the border of a forest, esp. one formerly included within the forest boundaries, and still partly subject to the forest laws. 2 An outlying district of a city or town, a suburb. Also, a squalid or disreputable street or quarter. 3 The outskirts or surroundings of a place. 4 A place where a person has the right to range at large; a person's usual haunts, bounds, limits.
Putrid Fever  Dipheria
Putrid sore throat Ulceration of an acute form, attacking the tonsils
Pyrexia See dysentery.
Quinsy [Sometimes also seen as squinacy, squinancy, or variant spelling quinsey] Pus-filled swelling in the soft palate around the tonsils, usually as a complication of tonsillitis.
Remitting Fever  Malaria
Rennet Curdled milk from the abomasum of an unweaned calf or other ruminant, containing rennin and used in curdling milk for cheese, junket, etc. Also, a preparation of the inner membrane of the abomasum similarly used, or a plant or other substitute for animal rennet used to curdle milk, esp. lady's bedstraw (Galium verum).
Saginate  Fatten an animal for food.
Sago  Starch prepared from the pith of several palms and cycads, used as an article of food.
Salep  A starchy preparation of the dried tubers of various orchids, esp. of the genus Orchis, used in cookery and formerly as a tonic.
Sanguinous Crust  Scab
Sapid  [ L. sapidus ] 1 Of food etc.: having a distinct (esp. pleasant) taste or flavour, savoury, palatable. 2 Of talk, writing, etc.: agreeable, mentally stimulating.
Scarlatina Scarlet fever. A contagious disease.
Scarlet Fever Acute infectious fever caused by haemolytic streptococcus infection in the throat
Scirrhus A large, hard, and painless swelling. Apparently refers in this case to a carcinoma of the stomach. The closely related word scirrhous was used to refer to a growth, often a carcinoma, that was hard and strong due to dense fibrous tissue.
Scofula  Tubercular infection of lymph glands in throat
Septic Infected, a condition of local or generalized invasion of the body
Ship's Fever  Typhus
Softening Of The Brain cerebral hemorrhage/stroke
Spotted fever Rickettsial fever; typhus.
Spotted fever See typhus.
St. Anthony's Fire Erysipelas, or inflammation of the skin due to ergot poisoning.
Strangery  Rupture
Summer Complaint  Infant diarrhea caused by spoiled milk
Suppuration The production of pus.
Testaceous  Consisting of shells; composed of shells. [Johnson's Dictionary, 9th Edition, 1806]
Testaceous powders  Medicinal powders prepared from the shells of animals.
Tetanus An infectious, often-fatal disease caused by a specific bacterium
Thrush A disease characterized by whitish spots and ulcers on the membranes of the mouth, tongue, and fauces caused by a parasitic fungus.
Tire-woman A woman [whose] whole business is to make is to make dresses for the head. [Johnson's Dictionary, 9th Edition, 1806]
Tormina  Acute wringing pains in the abdomen; colic, gripes.
Toxemia of pregnancy Eclampsia (high blood pressure & seizures)
Trismus nascentium or neonatorum A form of tetanus seen only in infants,
Tumid  Especially of a part of the body: swollen, inflated, protuberant, bulging.
Typhoid fever An infectious, often-fatal disease, usually occurring in the
Typhus An acute, infectious disease transmitted by lice and fleas. The
Valetudinary  Tendency to be in poor health or to be overly concerned about one's health.
Variola smallpox
Venesection  Bleeding
Vitriol As used here probably refers to sulphuric acid; also used for any of the various sulphates of metallic elements.
Winter Fever pneumonia
Yellow fever An acute, often-fatal, infectious disease of warm climates--caused by a virus transmitted by mosquitoes