Amlwch Data

Information about the history and and genealogy of Amlwch,Anglesey

What are Tithe maps

Tithes were payments made from early times for the support of the parish church and its clergy. Originally these payments were made in kind (crops, wool, milk, young stock, etc.) and usually represented a tenth of the yearly production of cultivation or stock-rearing. Predial tithes were the products of crop husbandry - such as grain, woodland, vegetables.
Mixed tithes were the products of animal husbandry - such as calves, lambs, wool and milk.
Personal tithes were the profits of man's labour - such as fishing or milling (and largely insignificant after 1549).
It is more usual to refer to tithes as "Great Tithes" and "Small Tithes". The great tithes, also known as the "rectorial tithes", were payable to the rector and generally comprised the predial tithes of corn, grain, hay and wood while the small tithes, also known as the "vicarial tithes", were payable to the vicar and comprised all other tithes.
The ownership of tithe was a property right that could be bought and sold; leased or mortgaged; assigned to others. This resulted in many of the rectorial tithes passing into lay hands - particularly after the dissolution of the monasteries. These tithes then became the personal property of the new owners, or lay impropriators. After the sale of the tithes forfeited to the Crown in the 1530s, about 22.8% of the net value of tithes in Wales were held by lay impropriators at the time of commutation in 1836. A vicar usually continued to have the spiritual care of the parish and to receive the vicarial tithes.
From early times money payments had begun to be substituted for payments in kind. Fixed sums (moduses) were substituted for some categories of production, particularly for livestock and perishable produce; while adjustable payments known as compositions, which were sometimes assessed annually, were increasingly being substituted in local arrangements in latter years
Tithes were still payable in almost all Welsh parishes (and in a majority of English parishes too) in 1836. The early nineteenth century had been an age of much political, social and economic reform. There had been an increasing demand for the Commutation of Tithe (some reformers campaigned for the abolition of tithe) and in 1836 the government of the day successfully steered the Tithe Commutation Bill through Parliament. The Act received the Royal Assent on 13 August 1836. It was this Act that was to allow the substitution of a money payment - the tithe rent-charge - for payment in kind.
The 1836 Act set up the Tithe Commission headed by three Commissioners sitting in London: William Balmire, Thomas Wentworth Buller and the Rev. Richard Jones. William Balmire was the chairman. A Cumberland farmer, he had to resign as M.P. on his appointment to the Commission. The Rev. Richard Jones was the Archbishop of Canterbury's nomination.
The first tasks of the Commissioners were to ascertain to what extent commutation had already taken place, and also to establish the boundaries of every unit in which tithes were paid separately. This unit was known as a tithe district to distinguish it from a parish or township. Enquiries were directed to every parish or township listed in the census returns. The results of these enquiries are found in the Tithe Files (Class IR18 in the Public Record Office). There are 1,132 such files for Wales and they include all districts in Wales, not only those places where tithe was still paid in 1836. Tithe districts are usually parishes, but a minority are townships, and a handful are chapelries, hamlets, extra-parochial places, many of which enjoyed separate status solely for tithe commutation purposes.
In Wales only 41 files do not have a corresponding tithe map. Of these 41, 5 refer to duplicate files under alternative names for the same district; 9 refer to districts already included in other tithe districts. 14 of the 41 files, therefore, do not refer to defined tithe districts. Of the remaining 27 tithe districts for which no map was prepared we find that in Ifton (Monmouthshire) the tithe had been commuted in the enclosure of 1776. In another 11 districts all the tithe rent-charge was merged before apportionment and the remaining 15 relate to districts where no tithe was paid in 1836, and probably had always been free of tithe as very small extra-parochial districts (9) or former monastic lands (6). Declarations of merger were prepared for these districts also to regularise the position.
The contents of these files have been described in detail in Roger J.P. Kain, An atlas and index of the tithe files of mid-nineteenth century England and Wales (Cambridge, 1986).
There were two distinct stages to the commutation process; first the fixing of a global assessment for the tithe district and then the apportioning of the tithe rent-charge on the individual properties.
The maps vary considerably in accuracy depending on the skill of the many hundreds of local surveyors employed on the task. More than 200 different surveyors worked in Wales.
The first specification (British Parliamentary Papers, Session 1837, Vol. XLI) 405 for the mapping proved to be over-ambitious. This was drawn up by one of the Assistant Commissioners, Lieutenant R.K. Dawson of the Ordnance Survey, and was intended to be at the scale of 3 chains to the inch [1:2376]. Amending legislation had to be passed in 1837 permitting the presentation of less accurate maps, often on a smaller scale. Many of these maps were compiled from existing estate maps and involved very little new surveying. The Tithe Commissioners refused their seal to inferior plans. In Wales only 50 of 1,091 were sealed as first-class maps, approximately only 4.5%, all except three being in Monmouthshire or Breconshire. The remainder were simply certified as being the documents on which the tithe rent-charge apportionment was based, i.e. second-class maps. They are a very mixed bag varying greatly in scale; there are some at the prescribed scale of 1:2376 (3 chains to the inch) which for some now inexplicable reason were not sealed as first-class maps; while others are little more than topographical sketches (e.g. Llangeitho, Cardiganshire [1:7920]; Nantglyn, Denbighshire [1:21,120]) and of no value for information about property boundarie

For more information contact Natioal Library of Wales

Amlwch tithe map 1841

The following table lists people and property from the tithe map

Listed by owner

Occupier Address Owner Plot

Amlwch Town

Rhoslyn Cottage

Bishop of Bangor

292

Dorethy Griffiths

Hafod Onen

Lord Dinorben

141

Ellen Jones

Bryn Llewellyn

Lord Dinorben

250

Evan Evans

Maes Llwyn usa

Bishop of Bangor

215

George B Roose

Bryn Y Cyll

Marquis of Anglesey

237

Griffiths Jones

Ty Newydd

Marquis of Anglesey

158

Henry Jones

Llanllianan park

Lord Dinorben

248

Henry Lewis

Maes Llwyn usa

Bishop of Bangor

231

Henry Webster

Llechog isaf

Marquis of Anglesey

264

Hugh Francis

Ty Canol

Marquis of Anglesey

171

Hugh Lewis

Ty Croes

Marquis of Anglesey

271

J H Treweek

Ty Ny Cau

Bishop of Bangor

295

J H Treweek

Tyny Caeau

Bishop of Bangor

295

James Dyer

Ty Ny Cau

Bishop of Bangor

293

James Dyer

Tyny Caeau

Bishop of Bangor

293

James Treweek

Cerrig Y bleddia

Marquis of Anglesey

182

James Treweek

Cae r llan

Henry Pritchard

230

James Treweek

Tyddyn hir

Marquis of Anglesey

274

John Griffiths

Cae adda

Lord Dinorben

248

John Hughes

Tyddyn Dai

Marquis of Anglesey

168

John Hughes

Madyn farm

Henry Pritchard

282

John Hughes

Bodednyfed bach

Henry Pritchard

282

John Hughes

The Mount

Bishop of Bangor

296

John Hughes

Mount

Bishop of Bangor

296

John James

Poth Llechog

Marquis of Anglesey

262

John Morris

Llain Mywn

Marquis of Anglesey

267

John Owen

Cae Bach

Marquis of Anglesey

265

John Paynter

Maes Y llwyn

John Paynter

216

John paynter

Plas yn amlwch

Bishop of Bangor

299

John Paynter

Windmill

Bishop of Bangor

300

John Roberts

Las Dref

Lord Dinorben

206

John Williams

Min ffordd

Admiral Lloyd

170

Joseph Jones

Llathdy

Miss Jane Thomas

186

Joseph Jones

Melin Adda

Richard Jones

220

Mary Roose

Bodgadfa

Lord Dinorben

167

May Hughes

Carreg Cwrnach

William Evans

173

Mona Mine

Cerrig Y bleddia

Marquis of Anglesey

179

Owen Hughes

Cae Syr Nicholas

Marquis of Anglesey

161

Owen Jones

Factory

Henry Pritchard

221

Owen Jones

Trefdath

Lord Dinorben

236

Owen jones

Carreg Fawr hyn moel

Lord Dinorben

266

Owen williams

Ty Fadyn

Lord Dinorben

249

Peter Webster

Glan Llyn

Joseph Jones

189

Peter webster

Tan y bryn

Marquis of Anglesey

212

Peter Williams

Cae Rhosydd

Marquis of Anglesey

238

Rev Wm Roberts

Brondeg

Lord Dinorben

211

Richard james

Erw Felin

Lord Dinorben

272

Richard Jones

Ty 'n Cae

Marquis of Anglesey

172

Richard Jones

Troes ny Cae

Marquis of Anglesey

176

Richard owen

Carreg Biso

Lord Dinorben

280

Richard Rowlands

Carreg Y Fron Bach

Jones & Lloyd

286

Robert Hughes

Cefn y Gors

Marquis of Anglesey

153

Roger Mostyn

Costog

Bishop of Bangor

298

Roger mostyn

Costog

Bishop of Bangor

298

Rowland Edwards

Tyn R Odyn

Lord Dinorben

240

Samual Wrench

Bonc eithin

Marquis of Anglesey

213

Smelting works

Smelting works

Henry Pritchard

291

Steve Roose

Ty Ny Cau

Bishop of Bangor

294

Steven Roose

Glan y don

Marquis of Anglesey

263

Thomas Owen

Tyn Y Coed

Lord Dinorben

148

Thomas Paynter

Maen y Swinin

Marquis of Anglesey

209

Thomas Tiddy

pen r allt

Lord Dinorben

191

William Morgan

Costog

Bishop of Bangor

297

William Petters

Tyn y cae

William Petters

278

William Rees

Carreg y Fran

Messr jones

284

William Roberts

Tan y Graig

Lord Dinorben

190

William Roose

 

 

187

William Roose

Maes Llwyn isa

Bishop of Bangor

217

William Roose

Mill bank

Henry Pritchard

222

 

Pentre Gwain

John Hughes

184

Listed by property

Address Owner Occupier Plot

Bodednyfed bach

Henry Pritchard

John Hughes

282

Bodgadfa

Lord Dinorben

Mary Roose

167

Bonc eithin

Marquis of Anglesey

Samual Wrench

213

Brondeg

Lord Dinorben

Rev Wm Roberts

211

Bryn Llewellyn

Lord Dinorben

Ellen Jones

250

Bryn Y Cyll

Marquis of Anglesey

George B Roose

237

Cae adda

Lord Dinorben

John Griffiths

248

Cae Bach

Marquis of Anglesey

John Owen

265

Cae r llan

Henry Pritchard

James Treweek

230

Cae Rhosydd

Marquis of Anglesey

Peter Williams

238

Cae Syr Nicholas

Marquis of Anglesey

Owen Hughes

161

Carreg Biso

Lord Dinorben

Richard owen

280

Carreg Cwrnach

William Evans

May Hughes

173

Carreg Fawr hyn moel

Lord Dinorben

Owen jones

266

Carreg y Fran

Messr jones

William Rees

284

Carreg Y Fron Bach

Jones & Lloyd

Richard Rowlands

286

Cefn y Gors

Marquis of Anglesey

Robert Hughes

153

Cerrig Y bleddia

Marquis of Anglesey

Mona Mine

179

Cerrig Y bleddia

Marquis of Anglesey

James Treweek

182

Costog

Bishop of Bangor

William Morgan

297

Costog

Bishop of Bangor

Roger Mostyn

298

Costog

Bishop of Bangor

Roger mostyn

298

Erw Felin

Lord Dinorben

Richard james

272

Factory

Henry Pritchard

Owen Jones

221

Glan Llyn

Joseph Jones

Peter Webster

189

Glan y don

Marquis of Anglesey

Steven Roose

263

Hafod Onen

Lord Dinorben

Dorethy Griffiths

141

Las Dref

Lord Dinorben

John Roberts

206

Llain Mywn

Marquis of Anglesey

John Morris

267

Llanllianan park

Lord Dinorben

Henry Jones

248

Llathdy

Miss Jane Thomas

Joseph Jones

186

Llechog isaf

Marquis of Anglesey

Henry Webster

264

Madyn farm

Henry Pritchard

John Hughes

282

Maen y Swinin

Marquis of Anglesey

Thomas Paynter

209

Maes Llwyn isa

Bishop of Bangor

Evan Evans

215

Maes Llwyn isa

Bishop of Bangor

William Roose

217

Maes Llwyn isa

Bishop of Bangor

Henry Lewis

231

Maes Y llwyn

John Paynter

John Paynter

216

Melin Adda

Richard Jones

Joseph Jones

220

Mill bank

Henry Pritchard

William roose

222

Min ffordd

Admiral Lloyd

John Williams

170

Mount

Bishop of Bangor

John Hughes

296

pen r allt

Lord Dinorben

Thomas Tiddy

191

Pentre Gwain

John Hughes

 

184

Plas yn amlwch

Bishop of Bangor

John paynter

299

Poth Llechog

Marquis of Anglesey

John James

262

Rhoslyn Cottage

Bishop of Bangor

Amlwch Town

292

Smelting works

Henry Pritchard

Smelting works

291

Tan y bryn

Marquis of Anglesey

Peter webster

212

Tan y Graig

Lord Dinorben

William Roberts

190

The Mount

Bishop of Bangor

John Hughes

296

Trefdath

Lord Dinorben

Owen Jones

236

Troes ny Cae

Marquis of Anglesey

Richard Jones

176

Ty Canol

Marquis of Anglesey

Hugh Francis

171

Ty Croes

Marquis of Anglesey

Hugh Lewis

271

Ty Fadyn

Lord Dinorben

Owen williams

249

Ty 'n Cae

Marquis of Anglesey

Richard Jones

172

Ty Newydd

Marquis of Anglesey

Griffiths Jones

158

Ty Ny Cau

Bishop of Bangor

James Dyer

293

Ty Ny Cau

Bishop of Bangor

Steve Roose

294

Ty Ny Cau

Bishop of Bangor

J H Treweek

295

Tyddyn Dai

Marquis of Anglesey

John Hughes

168

Tyddyn hir

Marquis of Anglesey

James Treweek

274

Tyn R Odyn

Lord Dinorben

Rowland Edwards

240

Tyn y cae

William Petters

William Petters

278

Tyn Y Coed

Lord Dinorben

Thomas Owen

148

Tyny Caeau

Bishop of Bangor

James Dyer

293

Tyny Caeau

Bishop of Bangor

J H Treweek

295

Windmill

Bishop of Bangor

John Paynter

300

 

 

William Roose

187

For more information contact National Library of Wales