The Welsh patronymic surname system
The Welsh used an ancient PATRONYMIC naming system whereby the children of a marriage took their Father's forename as their surname. As a result surnames were not fixed and changed from generation to generation. It works like this:
Evan son of Thomas William
would be known as Evan Thomas
Evan's son, John would be John Evan
John's son Rees would be Rees John
Rees's son, David, would be David Rees
David's son, James, would be James David
If James then decided to abandon patronymics, he might retain the name David as his fixed surname or he might change it to Davies/Davis both of which imply 'son of' David. Some families used to string their patronymics together - thus James would be James ap David ap Rees ap John ap Evan ap Thomas ap William. Note that I have used English spellings here - you may find traditional Welsh or Latin spellings in early documents
Sometimes the word 'ap' (originally 'mab') meaning 'son of' was incorporated into the new surname. Thus Owen could be Bowen; Richard could be Prichard: Evan could be Bevan; Huw could be Pugh. John usually became Jones.
Names such as Edward and William had an 's' added thus becoming Edwards and Williams. Names ending in 's' like Thomas remained unchanged. Girls were sometimes 'verch' or 'ferch' meaning 'daughter of' and abbreviated to 'vch' or 'vz'. Traditionally women kept their maiden names when they married as there no surname for them to adopt. You very rarely see parish register entries using the word 'ap' or 'verch'.
This practice continued up until the early 1800s in some areas, with rural areas clinging to the patronymic system longer than urban areas. Areas where English influence was strong abandoned patronymics earlier as did town families and the wealthy.
The IGI takes 1 January 1813 as the cut-off date - before this date all IGI entries are listed using patronymic naming system, regardless of what the actual entry contained. In practice most people had already adopted surnames by 1812 and by the 1851 census examples are very few and far between.
The years of transition from patronymics were ones of confusion and it is essential to look for both patronymic and fixed surnames when researching families in the 18th century. In the IGI, searches should be done in the given name index as well as the surname index.
A man may have decided to use a fixed surname - but the village priest may have insisted on using patronymics in the parish register when he married him or baptised his children. Some people changed from patronymics to surnames half way through their families so that some children may use patronymics whilst their younger brothers and sisters use a surname. Sometimes a man would change from a patronymic to a surname at the time of his marriage - but his brothers may chose to continue with patronymics.
Every family is different and you need to be aware that surnames use was not standardised for a while. Even when a family did chose to use a surname, they were often reluctant to relinquish patronymics completely and the children of a marriage would use the patronymic name as an unofficial middle name. Sometimes this would be incorporated as a double surname and sometimes as a forename. This practice could be continued for generations and may give you clues as to the ancestry of your family.
The use of patronymics leads to a problem for modern day researchers - the Welsh surname stock is very limited because the modern surname is simply the forename of the man who last used the patronymic system in any particular family. A limited stock of forenames led to a limited stock of surnames; the main patronymic surnames are listed below.
Welsh communities are full of families bearing the same few surnames but who are completely unrelated and it cannot be claimed that everyone named Jones or Evans must be related to everyone else named Jones or Evans! All they have in common is an ancestor whose forename was John or Evan! The biggest mistake you can make in Welsh Family History research is to fail to realise how limited the Welsh naming stock is and how Welsh surnames originated!
Among the most common
Patronymic surnames found in Wales today are:
Daniel - Welsh form of Daniel is Deiniol, a 6th century Sain
David/Davies/Davis - from David or Daffydd
Edwards - an Old English name, popular after the Norman invasion
Evan/Bevan/Jeavons - from Ieuan, the Welsh word for John
Griffiths - from Gruffydd, an old Welsh name borne by Princes
Harries/Harry/Parry - from Harri, Welsh version of Germanic Harry/Harold. Popular since 1066
Hopkins/Popkins - from English pet name, Hob a diminutive form of Robert
Howell/Powell - from Hywel, an old Welsh name
Hughes/Pugh - a Germanic name adopted by the Welsh as Huw and interchangeable with Hywel
James - an English name which became popular in Wales from the 15th century
Jenkins - from Jankin, a pet form of John
John/ Jones - from the English name, John which was adopted in Wales after the Norman invasion
Lewis - from an English version of Llewellyn
Llewellyn - the name of an ancient Prince of Wales
Maddocks - from Madog, an ancient Welsh name borne by Princes
Meredith - from Maredudd, an ancient Welsh name
Meyrick/Morris/Maurice - from Meurig a Welsh version of the Latin name Mauricius
Morgan - from Morcant, an old Welsh name
Owen/Bowen - from Owain/Owen
Rees/Reece/Preece/Price - from Rhys, an ancient Welsh name. Rice is an anglicised form of the name
Richards/Pritchard - from Richard, a Germanic name popular in Wales before 15th century
Roberts/Probert - from Robert, a Germanic name popular in Wales from 13th century
Roderick/Broderick/Prothero - from Rhodri or Rhydderch, an ancient Welsh name
Thomas - Greek biblical name, popular in England from 1066. Popular in Wales from 15th century
Williams - from William or Gwilym
Because the naming stock was so limited, some people distinguished themselves through nicknames based on physical characteristics. Some of these became used as actual surnames e.g. Gethin/Gething = ugly/swarthy; Gough/Gooch - red haired or ruddy complexioned; Vaughan = smaller/younger; Lloyd/Flood = grey or brown hair; Gwyn/Wynne - fair-haired.
Nicknames or occupations were more often used to identify people with a common forename or surname rather than by an actual surname and are still in use today e.g.. Jones the butcher; Tom Fawr etc. Occasionally these became adopted as surnames. Rowlands & Rowlands give the example 'Saer/ Sayer' meaning carpenter which became a surname in some parts of Pembrokeshire and Cardiganshire.
A few Welsh surnames are taken from places names e.g. Loughor, Sutton, Mostyn, Conway. A family usually adopted locational names AFTER they had left an area and is an English habit rather than a Welsh one.
Welsh surnames and their meaning
ap = son of
Ace - an English name found in the Doomsday Book that appeared in
Wales c. 1293. Wace, Asse, Badham, Baddam.
Adams - a biblical name common as a surname in England before Wales. Adda is the popular Welsh version. Adda, Athoe, Atha, Batha, Bathoe.
Adda - Welsh version of the name Adams. Athoe appears in south Pembrokeshire. Batha and Bathoe derive from Welsh ab added to Adda. Athoe, Atha, Batha, Bathoe.
Ajax - found only in one part of Cardiganshire, and seems to belong to only one family.
Alban - from the name of the first British Christian martyr; first appeared in Pembrokeshire, spreading to Cardiganshire, Carmarthenshire, and Glamorgan.
Allen - an English surname brought by Norman invaders, and comes from the forename Alan. Common in England and Wales by 1853.
Andrew - from the disciple; not common in Wales, found in southeast Wales and Powys Fadog. Bandra, Bandrew.
Anthony - from the Roman name Antonius, and the name of an early saint. Found sparsely in south Wales.
Anwyl - derived from the Welsh word annwyl "beloved, dear, or favorite child". Found in north Wales. Anwell, Anwill, Annoil.
Arthur - from the legendary King Arthur; became popular as a personal and surname after Henry VII named his eldest son.
Ashton - first appears in the early 7th C. in Trefeglwys. Ashe, Aston, Ash.
Astley - from an English placename adopted by the Welsh. Records first show the name Asteley in 1574 Montgomeryshire.
Augustus - from Latin augustus "great" or "magnificent". Not widespread in Wales.
Austin - an English surname derived from Middle English name Augustine; common in Powys and southeast Wales in the 15th C. Records show an Austen ap David in 1574 Montgomeryshire. Mainly found along the coast of south Wales from Carmarthen to Chepstow.
Awbrey - Welsh adaptation of Norman name de Alberico, who arrived in Wales shortly after the Conquest. Records show two prominent families, the Awbreys of Abercynrig, and of Ynyscedwin. Aubrey, Obray.
Bach - "small" or "little"; a variation of Baugh.
Bamford - from a placename in Derbyshire and Lancashire; brought to Wales by John Bamford of Derbyshire, and settle in Llangurig in 1576. Bampford, Bamforth, Bumfort, Bumford, Boundford, Bumpford.
Barry - from ap Harry "son of Harry".
Baskerville - from Britain during the Conquest with Normans from Boscherville; long used on the border of England and Wales. Basketfield.
Bateman - first used as a personal name; from the name Bartholomew, often shortened to Bate or Batte. The man addition means "servant of".
Baugh - derived from bach "small" or "little". Rare in Wales, more common across the border into England. Bach, Beach, Batch.
Bebb - listed in records back to 1596. Families with the name immigrated to the USA. A descendant, William Bebb (1802-1873) was an Ohio governor. Bebbe, Babb, Babbs, Bibb, Bibbs.
Bedward - "son of Edward". Bedwards.
Beedle - possibly derived from Middle English word bedele "town crier"; or a placenames of Bedwell in Hertfordshire Essex, and Bidwell in Bedfordshire, Devon, Northamptonshire and Somerset.
Belth - rare surname deriving from the Welsh placename Buallt or Builth. Bealth, Buelth, Belt.
Benbow - an English surname from the word bendbow "archer"; it moved into Wales from the midlands. Believed that all Welsh families can trace their ancestry to William Bendbowe (b. c. 1510) in Prees, Shropshire. Benbough.
Bengough - from two words pen "head" + gough or coch "red". Bangough.
Benjamin - biblical name used as a surname in Wales after the Reformation.
Bennett - probably originated with the 6th C. St. Benedict.
Bevan - derived from ap "son of".
Beynon - derived from Welsh name ab Eynon, which comes from einion "anvil". Widely in use by the 13th C. and concentrated in west Carmarthenshire, west Glamorgan, Pembrokeshire, and Radnorshire. Beinon, Bennion, Baynham, Beynam, Bunyan, Beynon, ab Onion (a variant of Eynon).
Bidder - from an English surname, probably meaning "a bidder", or someone who tells assemblies of people when to stand. Other sources say it means "beggars". 1292 records show an Iduan ap Budu. Byther, Bydder, Byddir, Buddyr.
Blackwell - from an English placename, it probably came to Wales with families who can be traced to Derbyshire.
Blayney - derived from Welsh placenames blaenau "uplands," and blean "a river source". May be connected with Castle Blayner in Ireland. The name changed to Blayney in the 16th C. Blaeny.
Bonner - 13th C. records show the personal name ab Ynyr, from the Latin name Honorius. Eventually, it changed to a surname rhyming with "honor". Bunner, Bunna, Binner, Bunnell, Binnell.
Bonsall - came to Wales with Derbyshire lead miners; Thomas Bonsall of Bakewell in Derbyshire came to Cardiganshire in the late 8th C.
Boulter- an English surname deriving from a word meaning "someone who makes bolts". Bolt, Bolter.
Bound - probably from "bondsman", or the Old Danish personal name Bundi. Bond, Bounds, Bownd.
Bowdler - originated with an old Shropshire family and mainly found in along the border in middle Wales.
Bowen - derived from ab Owen or Owain, "son of Owen". It's spread through Wales, except in Anglesey in Caernarfonshire.
Bown - a variant of Bowen; or derived from Bohun or boon.
Brace - from Welsh bras "fat".
Breese - possibly derived from the name ap Rhys or Rees; or from Norfolk and Yorshire, England, deriving from Old English word breosa "gadfly". Bryste, Bryse, Breeze (brees).
Brigstocke - from an English placename in Northamptonshire, it came to Wales through marriage when John Brigstock of Surrey married Morris Bowen of Llechdwnni's daughter in 1626. Brigstock, Brickstock, Bridgestock.
Brooks - from an English surname meaning "one who lives at the brook". It is found mainly along the English border. Brook, Brooke.
Brown - from Old English brun "brown hair or skin". Common in both Wales and England in 1853. Late 13th C. records list the variants Bron, Broun, Brun.
Bufton - from an Old English word meaning "upon the hill".
Bulkeley - ancestry traced to northeast Cheshire, and was established in Anglesey and Conwy before 1450.
Button - derived from either "one who makes buttons" or a nickname for someone with a wart or growth.
Bythell - variant of Ithell, "son of Ithell".
Caddock - from the personal name Badog. A St. Cadog (aka Caedfael)
lived in the 5th C. Caddick.
Cadogan - modern spelling derived from the Old Welsh name Cadwgan. Some of the families may have had Irish roots. Carduggan, Cardigan, Gudwgan, Duggan, Kduggan.
Cadwalader - derived from personal name Cadwaladr, from cad "leader" + gadwaldr "battle". Coedwallider, Cadwaladr, Walliter.
Cantington - from an English placename, and appeared mainly in Pembrokeshire.
Canton - first recorded as Cemais with Anglo-Norman invaders. Descendants are related to the Coedcanlas family of 1670. Caunton, Caentwn.
Cardiff - from the Welsh placename.
Cardigan - from the Welsh placename, "one from Cardiganshire".
Carew - from the Welsh placename.
Charles - from the Latin name Carolus or possibly the Old English ceorl "man". Not popular until the Stewart kings took power, but appears in 15th C. records.
Christmas - originally a male personal name given to a boy born near or on Christmas day.
Clayton - "great"; probably brought with English settlers. Cleaton (CLEE-ton), Cletton.
Clement - first popular as a personal name in England in the 12th C., but shows as an English surname in the 12th and 13th C's.; used in parts of Wales as a surname by the 15th C.
Clocker - a Cornish surname that came to Wales with lead mining families pre-1800.
Clougher - pronounced similar to Clocker; probably came to Wales with a family of stationer from Ireland, where it is a placename.
Cole - either from Old English col "coal", or a diminutive of Nicholas. It came to the border counties from England with the Cole family; it eventually divided into three branches: Cole, Younge, and Mathias.
Connah - from the Welsh family names Cwna and Cwnws. Cunnah.
Conway - possibly from Ireland, where it means "wolf" or "hound of the plain". Conwy.
Coslett - arrived in Wales c. 1568 with a man name Corslett, an iron smith. Cosslett.
Craddock - from the Welsh personal name Caradog, the same as the Latin version of Caractacus, which comes from the British name Caratacus. Mainly a surname in the English border counties, it only appears once in 15th C. records.
Crowther - from the Welsh word crythor "a player of the crwth (an early fiddle)". The word also appears in Middle English as crouthes or croude.
Crunn - from the Welsh word cron "round," but added to a personal name for description. It first appeared in the 17th C.
Cunnick - variant spelling of Welsh surname Cwnic and personal name Cynog, and was the name of a saint in the 6th C. Connick, Cwnic.
Daniel - a biblical name and a form of the Welsh name Deiniol, and the
name of a 6th C. saint. Possibly adopted under the English spelling in the
post-Reformation era. Daniels.
David - a biblical name adopted by early Welsh Christians; also the name of the patron saint of Wales, Dewi (David). The Latin version Davidus led to the Welsh versions Dewydd and Dewi, but Dafydd is use more. Dackins, Dai, Dakin, Davies, Davis, Daykyn, Deakyn, Dei, Dew, Dyas, Dykins, Dyos.
Dawkins - derived from Dafydd or David. A Thomas Daukyn was recorded in Castlemartin in 1480. Dawe, Dawes, Dawson, Daukyn.
Deere - derived from the Old English personal name Deora "dear".
Devonald - derived from the Welsh surname Dyfnallt. Davenold, Devenallt.
Dodd - originally an English surname derived from personal names Dudde, Dodda, and Dudda, which were all widely used in the 14th C. Family can trace their ancestry to Cadwgan Dod who settled in Cheshire during Henry II's reign.
Edmunds - an English personal name from Old English ead "rich"
+ mund "protector". It appears in 15th C. records.
Edwards - from the Old English personal name from Old English ead "rich" + weard "ward" or "guardian". It remained popular after the Norman Conquest because it was used by both kings and saints. It appears frequently in records of the 15th C., and it found throughout Wales. The Welsh personal name Iorwerth is the equivalent. Emment, Emont, Kedward, Kedwards.
Elias - a biblical name that came to Wales as a surname post-Reformation. Elisha
Ellis - derived from the Welsh personal name Elisedd, which is frequently in old records. The final "dd" was dropped, producing Elisa, Elise, and Elisha. Bayliss, Bellis, Elis, Ellice, Eliza, Ellisa, Helis.
Emanuel - a biblical name possibly brought to Wales from Cornwall, where it is listed in 15th and 16th C. records. Manuel.
Ephraim - a biblical name not popular with Puritans and came into use mainly in the 18th and 19th C.'s.
Esau - "hairy"; a biblical name; not very popular in Wales. Esay.
Evans - from the Welsh name Ieuan (John), the name originated with the "u" was changed to a "v". Bevan, Evan, Evance, Heavens, Iefan, Ifan, Jeavons, Jevons, Jeavince.
Eynon - derived from the Welsh name Einion or Einon, "anvil". A very common personal name before the 15th C. Beynon, Einon, Enian, Inions, Onions.
Faithfull - an English surname and popular personal name with the
Puritans; it was used rarely, and only on south Wales.
Felix - derived from the Latin name which means "lucky"; and a saint's name.
Fenna - possibly came from the Welsh name Fenn "a person who live in a marshy area". Fennah, Fenner Phenna, Phennah.
Folland - the Welsh version of Valentine. Folant, Vallant.
Foulkes - an English personal name, from German folc "folk"; it was introduced by the Normans. Ffoulkes, Ffowkes, Fuge, Volk.
Francis - brought into England in the early 16th C., it was already in use in Wales in the 15th C. Ffranch, Frenchman, Phrancis.
Gabriel - a biblical name rarely used as either a personal or surname;
mainly found in north and south Wales.
Gadarn - from the forest deity Hu Gadarn (similar to the Celtic god Cernunnos), who was worshipped by the Welsh druids.
Games - rare surname derived from the Welsh word gam or cam "crooked" or "bent". It was usually added to personal names for description.
Geonor - "engineer", occupational name referring to one who built walls and possibly medieval machines. Jenner.
George - from a personal name brought to England by the Crusaders and wasn't popular until the Hanoverian kings. Until the early 18th C., it didn't appear as a surname in Welsh records, but appeared as a personal name in the 15th C.
Gethin - derived from the Welsh word cethin "ugly, hideous". Kethin.
Gibbs - an English surname from the dim. of Gilbert. Gibbon appears as a personal name in t he 15th C. The variant Gibby may derive from the Welsh name Cybi. Gibb, Gibbon, Gibbons, Gibby, Gibba.
Gittins - from the nickname for Gruffydd (Griffiths). Gittah, Gittings, Gittoes, Gtuo, Gutyn.
Goodwin - an English surname deriving from Old English name Godwine "good friend". Popular as a personal name before the Norman Conquest, and the name of King Harold's father. Goodwyn, Goodin.
Gough - derived from the Welsh word goch or coch "red", "one with red hair or a red complexion". Gogh, Goch, Goff, Goudge, Goodge, Gooch.
Gravenor - from Old French for "great hunter". The name probably came to Wales from Cheshire, where it is the family name of the dukes of Westminster.
Griffiths - from the Old Welsh name Grippiud, which became Gruffudd. Modern Welsh is Gruffydd. It was frequented as a name of Welsh princes and leaders. Old documents show it commonly abbreviated as Gr'. Griffith, Griffin, Griffies, Griffis, Guto, Gruffydd, Gruffudd.
Gronow - form of Welsh personal Goronwy, appearing in 15th records. Green, Greenaway, Greenhow, Greeno, Grono, Gronnah, Grunna, Grunnah.
Gunter - from a German personal name meaning "battle-army"; it came to Wales with Peter Gunter, a follower of Bernard de Neufmarche.
Guy - derived from an Old English word for "guide".
Gwalchmai - from the Welsh words gwalch "hawk" + mai "field"; it can be translated as "hawk of May". Also a placeneme in Anglesey. Gwalchmai fab Gwyar was a character in the Arthurian sagas; Gwalchmai ap Meyler was a 12th C. poet. It changed from a personal name to a surname by the Middle Ages.
Gwilt - derived from Welsh gwillt "wild". Guilt, Quilt.
Gynne - derived from Welsh gwyn "white" or "fair hair" or "fair complexion"; it was first used as a personal name. Gwinnett, Gwyn, Gwynett, Gwynn, Gwynne, Gwyyns, Wyn, Wynn, Wynne.
Gwyther - "worker"; from the Welsh name Gwythur, which derives from the Latin word victor. Originating from Penclawwd on the Gower Peninsular. Guyther, Wither, Withers.
Haines - possibly derived from the personal name Einws, or the
adjective name Hen.
Hall - originally meant "one who works at or lives in a hall".
Hamer - from a placename in Lancaster and has been a surname in the area since before 1700.
Harries - "son of Harry or Henry"; possibly derives from the Welsh name Harri, an early pronunciation of Henry. Harris, Henry.
Harry - from the Welsh name Harri, first popular as a personal name because of English and Norman kings. Harri or Henry was common in Wales by the 15th C. Harrhy, Hendry, Henry, Parry, Penry, Pendry.
Hatfield - from an English placename and surname, it first appears in Montgomeryshire c. 1576. Hatfeld, Hattefeld.
Hathaway - Heathway, Hathawa, Hathawe.
Havard - brought to Wales when Bernard de Neufmarche gave the manor of Pontwilyn to Sir Walter Havard, recorded by historians as Walter Havre de Grace.
Heilyn - of Welsh origin, it only appears in the 15th C. Heylyn, Palin.
Herbert - a surname that includes the earls of Pembrokeshire and Powis as bearers; it is most prominent in Cardiganshire and Radnorshire.
Hier - derived from Welsh hir "tall" or "long". Hire, Hyer.
Hooson - a variant of the English Hughson.
Hopkins - an English surname adopted in Wales; derived from the dim. Hob (Robert) and the ending kin. A commonly listed name in the 17th C. in Glamorgan. Hopkin, Popkin, Popkins.
Hoskin - of English origin. The variant Hoesgyn is listed in the 15th C.Hoesgyn, Hodgkin, Hoiskin, Hoskins, Hoskyn, Oiskins, Poiskin.
Howard - derived from an Old Norse name. Haward, Herward.
Howe - derived from the English name Hugh. How, Howes.
Howells - (hew-el; sometimes said rhyming with towel) from the Welsh personal name Hywel, anglicized to Howell. Hoel, Hoell, Hole, Holl, Howel, Howell, Howes, Hywel, Powell.
Hughes - from the German name Hugh, which came to England with the Norman Conquest. Hullin, Huws.
Hullin - derived from Hugh, and probably a variant of Hughes. Hoell, ap Hullin, Hullyn.
Humphreys - only appears in small numbers in the 15th C. Bumfrey, Bumphrey, Pumphrey, Wmffre.
Husband - from the English word householder" or "husbandman"; first recorded in 1532.
Hussey - probably derived from the Middle English word huswif "mistress of a household". Husseys, Huzzey, Huzzy.
Issac - a biblical name that came to Wales with the Reformation.
Ithell - from the Old Welsh personal name Iudhael. Abethell, Beethel, Bethell, Bithell, Bythell, Eathel Ethell, Ithael, Ithel.
Jacob - a biblical name that came to Wales with the Reformation;
possibly from the Latin name Jacobus. Jacobs.
James - a non-Welsh personal name that appears in the 12th C.; used by several saints and kings.
Jarman - derived from Latin germanus "kinsman". Jermin, Jermyn, Jermyne.
Jasper - derived from English Caspar; listed in small numbers in 15th C.
Jeffreys - derived from the personal name Geoffrey, it was brought by the Normans. Thomas Jefferson's family had ties with 17th C. Wales. Gregory, Jefferson.
Jehu - a nickname for John that became a surname. Jankin, Jenkins.
Jervis - derived from Gervaise, a Norman personal name. Jarvis.
Job - a biblical name that became widespread from medieval dramas in England. First came to Wales as a personal name with the Reformation.
John - a biblical name that came as the Latin Johannes and became Welsh Ieuan. John was used after the Normans arrived. It frequently written as Sion or Shone since the letter "j" is absent from the Welsh alphabet. Evans, Shone, Jones (son of John).
Jones - "son of John"; possibly derived from both John and James. Jone.
Joseph - a biblical name unknown until the Reformation.
Kendrick - from the popular medieval Welsh personal name Cynwrig.
Kinsey - an English surname derived from Old English cyn and sige "royal victory".
Kneath - (NAYTH) from Welsh personal name Cynaethwy; it changed to Kneath through English influence. Cnaitho, Cneitho, Cnaith.
Knethell - from the Welsh personal name Cynddelw.
Kyffin - derived from Welsh cuffin "border" or "boundary". Caffyn, Coffin, Cuffin, Keffin, Kephin, Kiffin.
Landeg - a mutation of the word glandeg "handsome".
Laugharne - (lahrn) derived from a Welsh placename and anglicized version of Talacharn. It became Lacharn and Lagharn by the 14th C. de Lacharn, de Talacharn, de Lagham, Lacharn, Lagharn.
Lewis - from an English variation of Llewellyn, which the English alredy had the name derived from the French Louise and German Ludwig. The Welsh spelling was Lewys by the 15th C.
Leyshon - derived from Welsh personal name Lleision. Ley.
Llewelyn - ancient Welsh personal name and popular name of medieval princes. Some sources say it derives from British names Lugobelinus and Cunobelinus; while others say it derives from Welsh llew "lion". 15th C. documents show the nickname Lleo. Flello, Flellos, Hillin, Hilling, Lello, Lellow, Lewelin, Lewhellin, Llewelin, Llewellin, Llewelling, Llewellyn, Llewelyn, Llewheling, Llewhellin, Llewhelling, Whellin, Welling, Wellins.
Lloyd - derived from Welsh llyd "grey-brown". Occasionally used as a personal name. Flood, Floyd, Llwyd, Loyd.
Llywarch - found in early records; and listed only in Deheubarth in the 15th C.
Lodwick - from Latin name Ludovicus.
Lougher - from a Welsh placename, the River llwchwr. Locker, Lougher.
Lucas - a biblical name common in England; 15th C. records show a Lucas family in Gower.
Lumley - from an English placename in county Durham.
Mabe - from Welsh word mab "son"; used as a personal name
before as a surname; also a placename.
Maddocks - derived from Welsh personal name Madog, the name of princes and leaders. Maddock, Maddox, Madox, Maddy, Madock.
Mason - an English surname brought to Wales with immigrant families. Masson.
Matthews - from the biblical name Matthew; popular in medieval Wales. Mathew, Mathews, Matthew, Mathias.
Maybery - brought to Wales with a Worcestershire family. Mayberry.
Mendus - said to have come with the Spanish Armanda and the Spanish names Mendes and Mendoza. Meands, Means, Menday, Mende, Mends, Mens.
Meredith - from the ancient Welsh personal name Maredudd (pronounced with emphasis on the middle syllable); udd "lord". Beddow, Bedo, Preddy, Predith.
Meyler - from the Welsh personal name Meilyr.
Meyrick - derived from the Welsh personal name Meurig, anglicized as Maurice and Morris.
Michael - a biblical name associated with Welsh churches since Norman times. Fihangel, Mejangle, Mihangel.
Miles - a Germanic name brought to England with Norman invaders and was popular in the Middle Ages. Milo.
Mills - "one who works or lives by a mill"; a placename common in southern England. Mill, Mille, Mylle.
Morgan - said to be the original name of heretic Pelagius; a popular surname since before the 15th C.
Morris - the English spelling, derived from the Welsh personal name Meurig and Latin name Mauricius. Morris is the more popular spelling than Maurice. Maurice, Morse, Morus, Morys.
Mortimer - from an influential Norman family who lived in medieval Wales.
Mostyn - from a Welsh placename that became a surname.
Nanney - from a Welsh placename and an anglicized version of Nannau,
the name of the Merioneth family estate, they adopted the surname in the 16th C.
Narberth - from a Welsh placename Narberth in Pembrokeshire. Narbett.
Nash - "at the ash tree"; from Welsh and English placenames.
Nevett - derived from Welsh personal name Ednyfed. The English form is derived from Old English cniht "knight". Also abbreviated Eden, which led to Bennet in some areas. Eden, Knevett, Nevet.
Newell - an English surname deriving from Nevill, Nowell, or Noel.
Nicholas - a persona name and saint's name in the English Middle Ages and related to the name Cole. Cule, Cull, Nicolas, Nichol, Nicholls.
Nock - "one who lives by an oak tree"; either from England, Scotland or Ireland. Noke, Oakley.
Nuttall - derives from a placename in Lacashire or Nottinhamshire and came to Wales with immigrating families.
Oliver - personal name from England by the Norman invaders, and
probaby a form of Olaf. It appears as a surname in Wales in the 15th C.
Owen - an old personal name possibly from Latin Eugenius or Audoenus; the name of princes and leaders; common by the 15th C. Owen, Bowen from ap Owen "son of Owen".
Parker - "keeper of the deer park"; an English surname found along the
Parry - derives from ap Harry "son of Harry". The second most common name in Wales.
Pask - came from England and Cornwall; from the name Pascall, a 9th C. saint and pope. Originally may have derived from Latin pascha "Easter". Paish, Pascoe.
Paskin - similar to Pask, derived from the Old Welsh personal name Paskent or Pascen.
Peate - English surname derived from Middle English word for "pet" or "darling". It came to Wales before 1600. Pate, Peat, Peete.
Peregrine - from either Latin peregrinus "pilgrim"; or the anglicized Perkin.
Perkins - from the personal names Piers and Peter. Perkyn was a personal name, later becoming a surname. Perkin, Perkyn.
Peters - from a personal name that became a surname in late Welsh history.
Phillips - derived from Greek name Pphillippos "lover of horses"; and the name of several saints. Common by the 13th C. Filpin, Phelps, Philpin.
Picton - from Picton Castle in Monmouthshire, built by William de Picton.
Pierce - from Old French name Piers. Pearce, Pearson, Pirs, Pyrs.
Powell - from ap Howell "son of Howell".
Price - from ap Rhys orap Rees "son of Rhys".
Pritchard - from ap richard "son of Richard". Prickett, Uprichard.
Probert - from ap Robert "son of Robert". Probart, Propert, Roppert.
Probyn - from app Robin "son of Robin"; Robin is a dim. of Robert.
Profit - possibly from Old French prophete "prophet"; the Welsh probably heard it in medieval mystery plays. Prophet, Propert.
Prosser - from ap Rosser "son of Rosser".
Prothero - from ap Rhydderch "son of Rhydderch". Prydderch, Rothero.
Pugh - from ap Hugh "son of Hugh". Tugh.
Rees - from medieval Welsh personal name Rhys, the name of several
leaders and princes. Creese, Preece, Resius, Rheseus, Rhys, Rice, Riceus.
Reynolds - derived from Germaic personal name Reynold, which came with the Normans. The Welsh version is Rheinallt. Reynold, Rheinallt, Rynallt, Rynalt.
Rhydderch - "liberal"; ancient Welsh personal name and name of 6th C. leader Rhydderch Hael. Common in the Middle Ages. Rothero, Ruddock, Ruddz, Ruther.
Richards - derived from the Germanic personal name, from ric "power" + hard "strong" or "hardy". Crichard, Crichett, Prichard, Pritchard.
Roberts - a Germanic name that came with the Normans, derived from hrod "fame" + berht "bright". Probert, Robin, Roblin.
Roch - from a Welsh placename. Anglo-Norman Roch Castle is built on a promontory in Pembrokeshire. The name went to Ireland with the Norman invasion, becoming Roche there.
Roderick - of Germanic origin, but connected with the Welsh personal names Rhodri and Rhydderch.
Rogers - derived from German name Roger, from hrod "fame" + gar "spear". It came to Wales and England with the Norman invasion. Prodger, Rosier, Rosser.
Rowlands - from German personal name Roland, from hrod "fame" + land "land," brought by the Normans. Rowland.
Salmon - derived from the personal name Solomon in the post-Reformaion
Salusbury - from an English placename. William Salesbury (1520-1584) translated part of the Bible into Welsh. Salbri, Salebiri, Salesbury.
Sambrook - from an English placename; occasionally used as a personal name. Sambroth, Samrook, Sandbrook, Shambrook.
Samuel - a biblical name that began as a personal name. Samwell.
Savage - began as a descriptive nickname. Sayvage.
Sayce - derived from Welsh sais "English speaking". Saer, Saies, Sais, Saise, Says, Sayse, Seys.
Sheen - from the Old English word for "fair" or "handsome"; also an English placename.
Sheldon - brought to Wales from Derbyshire in the late 18th and early 19th C.'s.
Smith - an occupational name; claimed to be the most common surname in England, Wales, Scotland and the USA, and the 5th most common in Ireland.
Smout - probably from Derbyshire and a possible variant of Smith. Smout is also found in Scotland. Smooth, Smoth, Smuth.
Stephens - from the Greek stephanos " wreath," "garland," or "crown". The name of early popes, it was brought England by the Normans. Immigrants to the US changed the spelling to Stevens.
Stradling - a Tudor family name, they helped Robert fitz Hamo conquer Glamorgan. They trace their ancestry to John de Estatlinges from Strattligen, Switzerland, during Edwards I's reign. Estatling.
Swancott - from an English placename from Shropshire.
Tannatt - from the river Tanad or Tannat in Montgomeryshire, taken as
a name by gentry family in the 16th C. Tanat.
Taylor - an English occupational name; listed as the 4th most common name in England in Wales in 1853.
Teague - either from the Irish personal and surname Tegan; or a derivation of Welsh teg "fair" or "beautiful". Deage, Degg, Teage, Tecka, Tegan, Tegg, Tegue.
Tew - derived from Welsh tew or dew "fat".
Thomas - a biblical name derived from Greek didymos "twin". Until the Norman Conquest, it was only a priest's name; it became popular after Thomas ŕ Becket; not listed as a surname in Wales until the 15th C.
Tibbot - from the personal name Theobald, originally French Thibaud; brought by the English. Tibbett, Tibbetts, Tibbitt, Tibbitts.
Timothy - biblical name from Greek personal name Thimotheus "honoring God". Not used in Wales until the post-Reformation.
Treharne - an anglicized version of Trahaearn, from tra "over" or "excessive" + haearn "iron".
Trevor - an early Welsh placename, usually connected with estates.
Trewent - derived from a Welsh placename recorded from medieval times to the 20th C.
Trow - derived from the Old English word for "faithful" or "true"; others say it began as a Devon placename from Old English trog "trough".
Tucker - from an English occupational name meaning "one who fulls cloth". It is interchangeable with Fuller.
Tudor - from a north Wales placename. Most notable of this name were the Tudor monarchs. Henry VII's grandfather's name was actually Owain ap Meredith ap Tudor, aka Owain Tudor. Tudor is confused with Tewdwr, which derives from a first name. Tewdwr, Tidder, Tither, Tutor.
Turner - from an English occupational name, meaning "one who works with a lath". Turnor, Tyrno'r.
Vaughan - derived from Welsh
Voyle - from Welsh moel a mutated from of foel "bald". Foel, Moel.
Walbeoff - derived from an Anglo-Norman family in Brycheiniog.
Waldebeuf is listed from the mid-12th C.
Walters - derived from the German name Walter, from wald "rule" + heri "warrior," brought by the Normans. The Welsh adopted the name Gwallter. Walliter, Waters, Watt, Wattars.
Warlow - derived from Middle English warloc "warlock, wizard". Wardlow, Warlach, Warlaz.
Warren - from the German name Warin, and Old French Guarin or Guerin, becoming Gwaren in Wales.
Watkins - used at one time as a personal name in some parts; a dim. of Walters. Gwatkin, Watkiss.
Watts - dim. form of Walter; found in Wales and Scotland.
Weal - from an English placename, referring to one who lives by the waterwheel. The Cornish version is whel "mine-working". Wheal, Wheels.
Weaver - an English occupation name from Old English wefan "to weave".
Whittal - derived from a placename, White Hill or Whitwell. Whettal, Vittle.
Wigley - from a Derbyshire placename.
Wild - from the English surname Wilde, meaning "one who lives in wild places". Documents show a Wild family in 1292. Wilde.
Wilding - from an Old English name, either a personal name or nickname.
Williams - from the German name Wilhelm, a combination of the words "will and "helmet," brought by the Normans. The Welsh adopted it as Guilielm and Gwilym, becoming Gwilliam and Gullam. Wilson.
Wogan - possibly came with migrating Irish families; or deriving from the Welsh Gwgan.
Woosencraft - derived from the Lancashire placename Wolstencroft, from the personal name Wulfstan + croft "enclosure". Woosencroft.
Woosnam - from the Lancashire placename Wolstenholme, from the personal name Wulfstan + holm "a dry land in the fen". It first appeard in 1596.
Worthing - derives from either a Shropshire placename, Worthen; or from Old English name Worth "worthy".
Wynne - mutated version of Welsh name Gwynne. Wynn.
Welsh male first names
Aberthol - "sacrifice".
Accalon - a champion from Gaul and the lover of Morgan le Fay in the Arthurian sagas. They plotted to steal Excalibur, but Merlin helped Arthur to beat Accalon in battle.
Adda - Welsh version of Adam, "of the red earth".
Addolgar - "devout".
Adwr - "coward".
Aedd - from the Irish aedh "fire"; also a name of a king of Ireland. Shortened form of Aeddan.
Aeddan - Welsh form of Aidan.
Aglovale - son of King Pellinore, who Lancelot accidentally killed when Lancelot rescued Guinevere.
Alawn - "harmony".
Albanwr - "one from Scotland".
Alun - Welsh; possibly cognate of Alan. Also a river name in Wales spelled Alyn.
Alwyn - Welsh version of Alvin, "friend of all"; also the name of a river in Wales.
Amaethon - name of the son of the goddess Donn in Welsh legends.
Amerawdwr - from a word meaning "emperor".
Amhar - name of a son of Arthur in obscure Welsh legends.
Amlawdd - name of the father of Goleuddydd in Welsh tales.
Amren - name of the son od Bedwyr in Welsh Arthurian sagas.
Amynedd - "patient". Amyneddgar.
Andras - Welsh form of Andrew.
Andreas - Welsh form of Andrew.
Aneirin - "honorable" or "golden"; of uncertain original derivation. Original form Neirin, with the "A" added in the 13th C; may be derived from Irish Gaelic nári "noble, modest". The name also appears in Welsh mythology. Aneurin (modern form), pet form Nye.
Anfri - "disgrace".
Angawdd - name of the son of Caw in legends.
Angor - form the Welsh word for "anchor".
Anir - listed as a son of King Arthur in the sagas; vaguely hinted in the stories that he was killed by Arthur and buried in Wales at Licat Amir. Amr.
Anwar - "wild".
Anwas - name of the father of Twrch in ancient legends.
Anwell - from the word for "beloved". Anwil.
Anwir - "liar".
Anynnawg - legendary name of the son of Menw.
Anyon - from the Welsh word for "anvil".
Ap- - one of the prefixes used to denote "son of", as is "O" in Ireland and "Mac" in Ireland and Scotland.
Arawn - (AR-awn) in mythology, the god of Annwn (an-OON), the Underworld, but not associated with terror or eternal punishment. It later became the underground kingdom of the dead.
Ardwyad - "protector".
Arglwydd - from the word meaning "lord".
Arian - "silver"; masculine version of Arianrhod.
Arianwyn - (ah-ree-AHN-win) from Welsh arian "silver" + gwyn "shining, holy".
Arthur - (AHR-thir) from Celtic artos "bear", poss. from Latin name Artorius. Name of the legendary king and culture hero of the Welsh, Cornish, and Bretons. Arthwr, Arthvawr.
Arvel - "wept over".
Avagdu - "utter darkness"; son of the goddess Cerridwen and god Tegid Foel. Afagddu, Morfran (great crow).
Avaon - in Welsh tradition, the name of Taliesin's son.
Awstin - from the Welsh word for "august"; also a version of Austin, a contracted form of the Latin Augustinus.
Baddon - "one from Baddon".
Barri - (BAHR-ee) prob. from Welsh bar "mound, summit, dune"; perhaps from the word for "boar". Island of Barry off Glamorgan coast is named for the 6th C. hermit, St. Barri, who took refuge there. The island became a popluar pilgrimage destination after his death.
Barris - "son of Harry". Barrys.
Baudwin - one of the later Knights of the Round Table, he came from Brittany ans was a very skilled surgeon. He survived the battle of Camlan, and became a hermit.
Beda - Welsh version of Bede, a famous monk and historian.
Bedwyr - name of one of King Arthur's companions to whom he sometimes entrusted Excalibur.
Bedyw - name of the son of Seithved in legends.
Beli - name of an Irish sun god, also known in Wales. In later tales, Beli was the brother-in-law of the Virgin Mary. The original Beli was connected closely with the druids and their rituals. Beltane is his festival, May 1. Beli Mawr, Belenus, Belinus.
Bellieus - a Knight of the Round Table who fought Lancelot over an incident with his wife.
Benedigeidfram - "blessed"; applied to the god Bran. A giant in Welsh mythology, Bran the Blessed was brother to the goddess Branwen.
Bercelak - known as the Green Knight in Arthurian stories.
Berth - name of the son of Cadwy in legends.
Berwyn - the son of Kerenhyr in ancient tales.
Beven - "son of Evan" or "youthful".
Blair - "place". Blayre, Blaire.
Blaise - Merlin's mysterious teacher, he lived in Northumberland.
Blathaon - legendary name of the son of Mwrheth.
Bleddyn - (BLETH-in) from Welsh blaidd "wolf" + dim. suffix -yn. Related Welsh wolf names: Bledri (BLED-ree): blaidd + rhi "king". The slang name Wolf was applied to both warriors and outlaws in Wales.
Bledri - (BLED-ree) from Welsh blaidd "wolf" + rhi "king" = "leader of the warriors or outlaws".
Bleidd - (BLAYTH) "wolf".
Bleiddian (BLATH-yahn): blaidd "wolf" + -ian, verbal ending, "one who goes wolfing, i.e. looting, raiding".
Bogart - "bof" or "marshland"; a name in both Ireland and Wales.
Bors - son of the king of Benoic and cousin to Lancelot. He was one of the best Knights of the Round Table along with Galahad and Perceval.
Bowen - "son of Owen". Bowie, Bowe.
Brac - "free".
Brad - from the word for "treason".
Bradwen - name of the son of Moren in ancient legends.
Bradwr - "traitor"; variant of Brad.
Braen - "corrupt".
Bran - (BRAN) from Welsh for "raven" or "crow". Famous bearer-Bran Bendigeidfran (Bran the Blessed) in the Second Branch of the Mabinogi.*
Brastias - originally a knight in Cornwall, he was one of Arthur's captains, and later Warden of the North.
Brathach - name of the son of Gwawrddur in old tales.
Brian - legendary name of the son of Turenn.
Brice - "alert".
Broderick - "son of the famous ruler". The name ap-Roderick appears often, signifying "son of Roderick".
Bryn - (BRIN) from Welsh for "hill". Popular for boys. Brynn, Brynley, Brinley (BRIN-lee).
Brys - legendary name of the son of Brysthach.
Bwlch - name of the son of Cleddyv Kyvwlch in old tales.
Cadarn - "strong".
Caddoc - "battle-sharp" or "eager for war".
Cadell - from a word meaning "spirit of the battle" or "battler".
Cadellin - name of the son of Gweir in legends.
Cadeyrn - (KAHD-ayrn) from Welsh cad "battle" + teyrn "prince".
Cadfael - (KAHD-file or KAHD-vil) either from words cad "battle" + ban "summit", or cad + mael "prince". Cadfan, Cadoc.
Cadfan - (KAHD-vahn) from Welsh cad "battle" + ban "summit". 6th C. saint associated with a healing well.
Cadman - "warrior". Cadmon.
Cadoc - (KAHD-ok) from Welsh cad "battle". Orig. a nickname for Cadfael. Cadoc was the name of one of the most important Welsh saints. St. Cadoc was carried on a cloud to Northern Italy, where he became a bishop and was martyred.
Cadwaladr - (kahd-WAHL-ah-der) from Welsh cad "battle" + gwalar "ruler, leader". 7th C. saint and ruler of northern kingdom of Gwynedd.
Cadwallen - "battle dissolver".
Cadwgawn - legendary name of the son of Iddon.
Cadwr - name of the son of Gwryon in old tales.
Cadyryeith - "well-spoken".
Caer Llion - "one from Caerleon (Castle of the Lion)".
Caerwyn - (KIR-win or KAYR-win) from Welsh caer "fort" + gwyn "shining, holy".
Cai - (KAY) Usu. derived from Latin name Caius, poss. similar with Irish cai (coi) "path, way"; other sources say it means "rejoicer". Cai was described as King Arthur's closest companion. In the 10th C. poem, Pa gur yw y porthawr, Cai killed nine witches and rid the island of Anglesey of a fierce monster call the Palug Cat. Cei, Caius, Caw.
Cain - "clear water".
Cairn - the Welsh word for a pile of stones used as a landmark. Carne.
Calcas - name of the son of Caw in legends.
Calder - "brook or stream".
Caledvwich - the name of Excalibur in Welsh legends.
Cant - "white".
Caradawg - name of Eudav's father in old tales.
Caradoc - "beloved". Craddock, Cradoc.
Carey - "from the castle". Cary, Caerau.
Carnedyr - legendary name of the son of Govynyon.
Cas - name of the son of Seidi in legends.
Casnar - name of a nobleman in old tales.
Casswallawn - according to legends, the name of the son of Beli.
Caw - a name from old legends.
Cedric - "bountiful".
Ceithin - name of the uncle of Lugh in old tales.
Celyn - (KEL-in) Welsh word for "holly". Celyn ap Caw was a member of Arthur's court in the medievel tale Kulhwch and Olwen.
Cerdic - "beloved". Ceredig.
Ceri - (KER-ee) Name of two rivers, one in Dyfed and on in Glamorgan. May come from Welsh caru "to love"; male or female name.
Cerwyn - (KER-win) possibly means "black" or "white".
Cian - (KEE-an) possibly from Welsh ci (cwn) "hound, wolf", or from Old Irish cian "ancient, enduring". Cian is known as on of the five Cynfeirdd, founding poets of Welsh tradition, although none of his poems have survived.
Clud - "lame".
Clust - name of the son of Clustveinydd in legends.
Clyde - "loud voiced", "heard from afar", or "warm". Clywd.
Cnychwr - name of the son of Nes in old tales.
Coed - "dwells in the woods".
Colgrevance - a Knight of the Round Table who was slain when the Knights tried to capture Lancelot while he was in Guinevere's chamber.
Collen - (KOLH-en) Welsh word for "hazel tree". Name of a 6th C. saint.
Colwyn - name of a Welsh river.
Conwy - (CON-oo-ee) personal name from the river in northern Wales, from the Irish Gaelic name Connmhaighe, "hound of the plain".
Corryn - "spider".
Cradelmass - a king of north Wales whom Arthur defeated at tge start if his reign.
Crist - from the word "Christian".
Cubert - lengendary name of the son of Daere.
Culhwch - (COOL-oo) son of Kilydd in old tales.
Culvanawd - name of the son of Gwryon in old tales.
Custenhin - legendary name of Erbin's father.
Cymry - (KIM-ree) "from Wales"; the Welsh people's name for themselves.
Cynan - (KUHN-ahn) from Celtic kuno "great, high". Popular in Medieval Wales.
Cynbal - "warrior chief". Cynbal.
Cystennin - from the word "constant".
Dafydd - (DAH-vith) "dearly beloved"; Welsh form of David. St.
David is patron saint of Wales. Nicknames: Dafi (DAH-vee); Dai (DII);
Deian (DAY-an); Deio (DAY-oh); Dewi (DE-wee).
Dagonet - name of King Arthur's jester, who was made a knight and excelled in bravery during many tournaments.
Dalldav - son of Cunyn Cov in old legends.
Daned - son of Oth in old tales.
Davis - "son of David"; variant of Dafydd.
Deiniol - (DAYN-yol) Welsh form of Daniel. St. Deiniol was active in late 6th C. in N. Wales.
Deverell - "from the riverbank".
Dewey - "beloved"; form of David
Digon - son of Alar in old tales.
Dillan - "faithful"; form of Dillon.
Dillus - legendary name of the Eurei's son.
Dilwyn - "shady place". Dillwyn.
Dinadan - a Knight of the Round Table who had a sense of humor, and loved to play jokes on the other Knights. He was later killed by Mordred.
Dirmyg - legendary name of on of Caw's sons.
Drem - "sight".
Dremidydd - the father of Drem in old tales.
Drew - "wise". Dru, Dryw.
Druce - "son of Dryw". Drywsone.
Drudwas - name of Tryffin's son in old tales.
Drwst - obscure name from Welsh tales.
Drych - legendary name of the son of Kibddar.
Drystan - Welsh version of Tristan, "full of sorrow".
Duach - name of Gwawrddur's son in old legends.
Dylan - (DIL-un or DUHL-an) Welsh word for "ocean, sea, the deep". In Mabinogi, Dylan eil Ton (Sea Like a Wave) was a son of Arianrhod. Welsh-born 20th C. poet Dylan Thomas was one of the finest English language poets. Dillan, Dillon.
Dyvynarth - legendary name of the son of Gwrgwst.
Dyvyr - name of Alun's son in ancient stories.
Dywel - legendary name of the son of Erbin.
Earwine - "white river". Erwyn.
Ector - Ector of the Forest Sauvage was Arthur's foster father in the Arthurian sagas.
Edern - name of the son of Nudd in legend.
Edmyg - "honor".
Ehangwen - a name from old legends.
Eiddoel - name of Ner's son in old tales.
Eiddyl - name of unknown meaning in legends.
Eiladar - legendary name of Penn Llarcan's son.
Einion - "anvil". Einian.
Eiryn - name of Peibyn's son in old stories.
Eivyonydd - a name out of old tales.
Elis - (EL-is) Welsh form of Elijah, from Greek Elias. Ellis (ELHis).
Elphin - name of the son of Gwyddno in old legends; in Taliesin stories, he rescued the infant Gwion Bach, later named Taliesin, from a salmon weir.
Emhyr - "ruler". Emyr.
Emlyn - (EM-lin) from Latin aemilianus "flattering, charming"; some sources say "waterfall".
Emrys - (EM-rees) Welsh form of English Ambrosius, from Greek Ambrosios "immortal"; Emryus was an epithet of the magician and poet Myrddin (Merlin).
Ennissyen - a giant Welshman related to Bran the Blessed and started the war with the Irish, which led to the death of Branwen and her son.
Eoin - "young warrior"; form of Evan.
Erbin - legendary name of Custinhin's son.
Ergyryad - name of one of Caw's sons in old tales.
Ermid - name of the son od Erbin in legends.
Eryi - "from Snowdon".
Eudav - son of Caradawg in ancient stories.
Eurosswydd - name in old Welsh tales.
Eus - name of Erim's son in legends.
Evan - (EV-ahn) Welsh form of John. Ioan (YOH-ahn); Ianto (YAHN-toh); Iwan (YEW-ahn); Eoin, Ieuan (YAY-ahn).
Evnissyen - (ev-NESS-yen) "lover of strife". Half-brother of god Bran in ancient legends.
Evrawg - "from York".
Evrei - name out of old stories.
Fercos - name of Poch's son in old legends.
Fflam - legedary name of the son of Nwyvre.
Fflergant - legendary naem of one of Brittany's kings.
Fflewdwr - name of the son of Naw in old stories.
Ffodor - son of Ervyll in old tales.
Ffowc - "of all the people".
Ffransis - (FRAWN-sis) Welsh form of Francis. Nickname Frank is Ffranc in Welsh.
Fychan - "small".
Fyrsil - version of Virgil, "bears the staff". Fferyll.
Galahad - illegitimate son of Lancelot and Elaine; a pure knight who
surpassed his father's deeds of valor and died when he saw the Holy Grail.
Galehodin - Lancelot's brother; he became the Duke of Saintongue.
Gamon - a name from old stories.
Gandwy - a name in ancient legends.
Garanhon - legendary name of Glythvyr's son.
Gareth - (GAHR-eth) from Welsh gwaraidd "civilized, gentle"; other sources have the meaning "powerful with the spear" from an Anglo-Saxon word. Tennyson used the name for a knight of King Arthur's in his Idylls of the King.
Garnock - "dwells by the alder tree river".
Garselid - a name from old legends.
Garwyli - name of Gwyddawg Gwyr's son in old legends.
Garym - a name from old stories.
Gavin - "white hawk" or "hawk of the battle".
Gawain - a Knight of the Round Table, and a son of Lot and Morgause of Orkney. He was also known as Gwalchmai, "Hawk of May".
Geraint - (GER-iint) from Celtic Gerontios similar to Greek gerontius "old". Geraint mab Erbin was hero of a medieval Welsh romance. A knight of the Round Table, renowned for his prowess in tournaments, the way he won his wife Enid. Also said to have beeen the king of Cornwall. A Welsh elegy to Geraint mab Erbin dates c. 900, and also mentioned as a warrior in the Gododdin.
Gerallt - (GER-alht) Welsh form of Gerald.
Gerwin - "fair love".
Gethin - (GETH-in) from Welsh cethin "dark, dusky". Geth.
Gilbert - legendary name of the son of Cadgyffro.
Gildas - (GIL-dahs) 6th C. monk and saint Gildas was the author of De excidio Britanniae (The Destruction of Britain), in which he blamed his fellow Welsh for allowing Anglo-Saxons to overrun Britain. St. Gildas venerated in Brittany as St. Gweltas and credited there for performing numerous miracles.
Gilvaethwy - name of one of the goddess Donn's sons. He lusted after his Uncle Math's virgin foot-holder and caused a war between Gwynedd and Dyfed in an attempt to get her. His punishment was to undergo shapeshifts into various animals, and to bear young.
Gleis - legendary name of Merin's son.
Glendower - "one ofr Glyndwer". Glyndwer.
Glew - name of Ysgawd's sin in old stories.
Glewlwyd - Arthur's gatekeeper in the Culhwch and Olwen myth.
Glinyeu - name of Taran's son in legends.
Glyn - (GLIN) "one who lives in the glen or valley"; from Welsh glyn "valley".
Glythvyr - a name in ancient tales.
Gobrwy - name of Echel Pierced Thighs in old stories.
Gofannon - on of the goddess Donn's sons. He was a god of blacksmiths and the equal of the Irish Goibniu.
Gogyvwlch - a legendary name of unknown meaning.
Goreu - legendary name of one of the sons of Custinhin (or Custennin) and an unnamed woman who was Igraine's sister.
Gorlois - the Duke of Cornwall and Igerna's husband, the woman whom Uther Pendragon coveted. Father of Morgan, Morgause, and Elaine.
Gormant - name of Rica's son in old tales.
Goronwy - (gohr-ON-wee) from Welsh gwr "man". Goronwy Owen (1723-1769) was an 18th C. Welsh language renaissance poet; emigrated to the colonies and died in Virginia. Also Goronw (gohr-ON-oo); Gronw (GROHN-oo).
Gorsedd - "from the mound".
Govan - name of one of Caw's sons in old legends.
Govannon - son of the goddess Donn in old legends; he was a smith-god.
Govynyon - a name from old legends.
Gowerr - "pure".
Gowther - a hero in Arturian tales who tames his savage disposition by penances.
Granwen - name of one of Llyr's sons in legends.
Greid - legendary name of Eri's son.
Greidyawl - obscure name from old tales.
Griffin - (GRIFF-in) from the mythological beast. From Welsh cryf "strong" + udd "lord". Several medieval rulers bore Gruffudd, a variant.
Griffith - (GRIF-ith) from Welsh cryf "strong" + udd "lord"; possibly also "red-haired". Gruffudd, Gruffydd.
Griflet - name of one of the first Knights; King Arthur accepted him even though he was very young.
Gromer - a powerful shapeshifter and magician who captured Arthur in the story of Gawain and Dame Ragnell.
Gronw Pebr - lover of Blodeuwedd, and rival of Llew.
Gruddyeu - name of Muryel's son in legends.
Gruffen - "fierce lord". Gruffyn.
Guinglain - only legitimate son of Gawain and Lady Ragnall; a Knight of the Round Table, and killed by Lancelot.
Gusg - legendary name of Achen's son.
Gwalchmei - "Hawk of May" or "hawk of the battle". Legendary name of Gwyar's son. Gavan, Gaven, Gavin.
Gwalhaved - name of one of Gwyar's sons in old legends.
Gwallawg - name of Llenawg's son in old tales.
Gwallter - Welsh version of Walter, "strong fighter".
Gwarthegydd - name of one of Caw's sons in old legends.
Gwawl - legendary name of Clud's son; at one time betrothed to the goddess Rhiannon before she married Pwyll.
Gwern - "old". The name of Branwen's son by Irish King Matholwch; the infant was thrown into a fire and killed by Branwen's half-brother Ennissyen.
Gwevyl - name of Gwastad's son in legends.
Gwilym - (GWIL-im) Welsh version of William.
Gwion Bach - original name of Taliesin.
Gwitart - name of Aedd's son in ancient stories.
Gwrddywall - legendary name of Evrei's son.
Gwres - name of Rheged's son in old tales.
Gwyddawg - name of Menestyr's son in old tales.
Gwyddno - (GWITH-noh) from Welsh gwyd "knowledge" + gno "fame".
Gwydion - (GWID-yon) from Welsh gwyd "knowledge" + -on, divine ending. Gwydion ap Don was a powerful magician in the Mabinogi. In Welsh, Caer Gwydion (Gwydion's Castle) is the Milky Way.
Gwydre - name of one of Arthur's sons in old legends.
Gwyglet - name of a hero in the epic The Goddoddin; he fought and died in the battle of Catreath (Catterick).
Gwyn - (GWIN) from Welsh gwen, gwyn "white, shining, holy". Gwyn ap Nudd was the leader of the Wild Hunt and the lord of lost souls.
Gwyneira - (gwin-AYR-ah) from Welsh gwyn "shining, holy" + eira "snow".
Gwynn ap Nudd - began as a deity, Lord of the Underworld and leader of the Wild Hunt. He kidnapped Creiddylad, causing a battle with Gwythyr ap Greidawl, her betrothed. Later, he was known as King of the Fairies and the Plant Annwn, subterranean fairies. Medieval tales say the entrance to his kingdom is in Galstonbury Tor.
Gwyr - "from Gower".
Gwythyr - son of Greidyawl in old legends; als othe name of the lord of the Upperworld.
Hafgan - (HAHV-gahn) from Welsh haf "summer" + can
"song"; male or female name. Name of an Otherworld deity who annually fights
Arawn for rulership of the Underworld.
Heddwyn - (HETH-win) from Welsh hedd "peace" + gwyn "shining, holy". Hedd Wynn was the bardic name of Ellis Evans (1887-1917), a poet and soldier killed in Flanders during WWI; and posthumously won the chair at the 1917 Eisteddfod. His life has become a symbol of the futility of war.
Hefaidd Hen - name of Rhiannon's fahter in ancient legends, he ruled part of the Underworld.
Heilyn - name of Gwynn's son in old legends.
Hen Beddestyr - legendary name of Erim's son.
Hen Was - "old servant".
Hen Wyneb - "old face".
Heulfryn - (HIIL-vrin) heul "sun" + bryn "hill".
Heulyn - (HIIL-een) "ray of sunshine".
Howell - "remarkable" or "attentive"; "alert one". Howell.
Huw - (HYOO) Welsh version of Hugh, from Old German hugi "intelligence, spirit". Hew, Hewe, Hu.
Hydd - "deer".
Hywel - (HUH-wel) from Welsh hywel "eminent". Hywel Dda (Hywell the Good) was a 10th C. king of Wales. Made the druids' oral legal tradition into a written code of law. Anglicized Howell.
Iago - Welsh version of James, "god's gift".
Iau - Welsh version of Zeus.
Iddawg - name of Nynyo's son in old legends.
Idris - "eager lord". Idriss, Idriys.
Iestyn - Welsh version of Justing, "one who is just".
Ieuan - (YAY-an) from Latin Johannes. Ieuan is the Welsh version of John, "god is gracious". Ioan, Iwan.
Ifor - Welsh version of a Teutonic name meaning "archer".
Inek - Welsh version of Irvin.
Iolo - (YOH-loh) Nickname for Iowerth. Iolo Morganwg (Iolo or Glamorgan) was the bardic name of Edward Williams (1747-1826), stonemason, poet, scholar, and initiator of the National Eisteddfod.
Iona - name of a French king in old legends; also the Celtic name for the Isle of Anglesey off the northern Wales coast.
Iowerth - (YOH-wayrth) from Norse ior "lord" + Welsh gwerth "value, worth". Used as the Welsh version of Edward since the Middle Ages.
Irvin - "white river". Irv, Inek, Irving.
Ithel - "generous lord".
Iustig - name of one of Caw's sons in old legends.
Jestin - Welsh version of Justin.
Jones - "son of John". Joenns.
Kai - variant of Cei; possibly derived from a word meaning "fiery",
others believe it means "keeper of the keys". Kay, Kei.
Kane - from a Welsh word for "beautiful".
Keith - "wood-dweller" or "dwells in the woods". Keath, Keithon.
Kelli - "from the wood".
Kelyn - name of one of Caw's sons in old tales.
Kenn - "clear water".
Kent - "white".
Kenyon - "from Ennion's mound".
Kevyn - "from the ridge", or from Irish Gaelic Caoimhin, "gentle, lovable".
Kian - possibly Welsh version of Irish Cian, "ancient". Name of Lugh's father in old legends.
Kilydd - legendary name of Kelyddon's son.
Kim - "leader".
Kynan - "chief".
Kyndrwyn - legendary name of Ermid's son.
Kynedyr - name of the son of Hetwn in legends.
Kynlas - name of Kynan's son in old tales.
Kynon - name of Clydno's son in ancient tales; possibly a variant of Kynan.
Kynwal - name of one of Caw's sons.
Kynwyl - name of a very early Welsh saint.
Lancelot du Lac - son of King Ban of Benoic in France, Galahad's
father, Knight of the Round Table and an unbeatable warrior. His affair with
Queen Guinevere caused the death of many knights and the destruction of King
Lavaine - in old Arthurian legend, he was a young Knight and son of Sir Bernard of Astolat. He was knighted by Lancelot and became one of the greatest Knights of the Round Table.
Leodegrance - name in old tales given as the King of Cameliard, who was Guinevere's father.
Lionel - a Knight of the Round Table, cousin to Lancelot, and brother to Bors.
Llacheu - name of one of Arthur's illigitimate sons by Lysanor in ancient legends. Borre, Boare, Lohot.
Llara - from a word meaning "meek".
Lleu - a Welsh sun god Llew Llaw Gyffes, son of Arianrhod and an unnamed father and raised by his uncle Gwydion.
Llevelys - legendary name of Beli's son.
Lloyd - "one with gray hair". Loy, Llwyd, Loyde.
Lludd - "from London" or from the god Llud Llaw Ereint (similary to Irish Nuada and Greek Neptune). Llundein.
Llwch Llawwyanawc - a warrior who went with Arthur to retreive the great cauldron when it was stolen and taken to Annwn.
Llwybyr - legendary name of one of Caw's sons.
Llwyd - (LHOO-eed) from Welsh llwyd "grey, holy". Lloyd.
Llwydeu - name of Nwython's son in old stories.
Llwyr - legendary nae of the Llwyryon's son.
Llyn - "from the lake".
Llyr - "of the sea"; a Welsh sea and water god, similar to Irish Lir. Listed as father of Bran and Branwen. Lear.
Llywelyn - (lhu-WEL-en) from Welsh llwy "leader, steerer" + eilun "image". Nicknames Llelo (LHE-loh) and Llew (LHE-oo), which is also Welsh for "lion".
Lot - king of Orkney and Lothian and husband of Morgause. Lotha.
Lovel - one of Gawain's illigitimate sons who was killed by Lancelot.
Lug - Welsh version of Luke, "the bringer of light". Luc.
Mabon - "the son"; name of a mysterious child in the Arthurian sagas;
he was stolen from his mother at three days old and imprisoned at Gloucester.
His story is told in Culhwch and Olwen.
Mabsant - legendary name of one of Caw's sons.
Macsen - (MAK-sen) from Latin name Maximus. Maxen Wledig (Lord Maxen) was a 4th C. Spanish-born general who led the remnants of the Roman army out of Britain to claim the emperorship and was briefly successful. Maxen.
Madawg - name of Teithyon's son in old legends. Madoc.
Maddock - "generous".
Maddox - "the benefactor's son".
Madoc - (MAH-dog) from British mad "fortunate, lucky". In legend, Madog ap Owain Gwynedd colonized N. America in the late 12th C.
Mael - legendary name of Roycol's son.
Maelgwn - (MAYL-goon) "prince of the hounds"; from Welsh mael "divine prince" + ci (cwn) "wolf, hound". Maelgwn Gwynedd was a 6th C. Welsh king.
Maelogan - (may-LOH-gahn) "divine prince"; from Welsh mael "prince" + -on, a divine ending. Maelon - (MAY-lon). Fem. form Maelona (may-LOH-nah) "divine princess", nickname Lona (LOH-nah).
Maelwys - name of Baeddan's son in old tales.
Mallolwch - name of the legendary king of Ireland who married Branwen.
Malvern - "bare hill".
Manawydan - name of sea god Llyr's son; equal to Irish god Manannan mac Lir. He was a skilled shapeshifter and keppt the Isle of Man and the Isle of Arran under his protection; and broke the enchantment on Dyfed.
March - (MAHRX) from Welsh march "horse". Name of King Mark in the Welsh version of the Tristan saga, in which he is known as March ap Meirchion (Horse, Son of Horses). The horse was a symbol of kingship in Celtic culture. Mark.
Marrock - a knight who was secretly a werewolf.
Math - (MAHTH) from Celtic math "bear". According to the Mabinogi, Math ap Mathonwy (MAHTH mahth-ON-oo-ee) was king of N. Wales and a powerful magician; and helped creat a flower-wife for his great-grandson Llew.
Mawrth - Welsh version of Mars, a Roman god of war.
Maxen - variant of Macsen.
Medyr - legendary name of Medyredydd's son.
Meical - (MAYK-al) Modern Welsh form of Michael. Older form Mihangel (mi-HAHNG-el); nickname Meic (MAYK).
Melkin - a pre-Merlin prophet and poet mentioned in the Annals of Glastonbury Abbey.
Menw - name of Teirwaedd's son in old tales.
Mercher - Welsh form of Mercury, Roman messenger of the gods.
Meredith - (me-RED-ith) from mawr "great, big" + udd "lord"; other sources give the meaning "guardian from the sea". It wa also the name of many medieval Welsh princes
Merlin - the great sorcerer of the Arthurian sagas; his father was from the Otherworld, his mother was earthly. Legend says he learned all his magic from Nimue (also known as Morgan, Viviane, Lady of the Lake, and Queen of the Fairies); old legend says he is guardian of the Thirten Treasures of Britain that he locked in a glass tower on Bardsey Island. Welsh tradition says Myrddin still sleeps in a hidden crystal cave. The Welsh name Myrddin means "hawk".
Meurig - "dark skinned"; Welsh version of Morris or Maurice.
Mil - name of Dugum's son in old tales.
Modred - name of King Arthur's son by Morgause, his half-sister. He was raised with his half-brothers, the other children of Morgause and Lot. Arthur killed him at the Battle of Camlan. Mordred.
Moesen - Welsh version of Moses, "from the water".
Mordwywr - "sailor".
Morgan - (MOHR-gahn) from Welsh mor "sea" or mawr "great, big" + can "bright" or cant "circle" or geni "born". Could mean "big circle", "bright circle", "bright sea", or "sea-born"; or "dwells near the sea". Male or female name. Most famous Morgan is probably Morgan la Fee, King Arthur's half-sister and famed sorceress. Morcan, Morgant (MOHR-gahnt).
Morgannwg - "from Glamorgan".
Morthwyl - from a word meaning "hammer".
Morvran - name of Tegid's son.
Mostyn - "fortress in a field".
Myrddin - (MUHR-din or MUHR-thin) from British moridunon "sea fortress". Welsh source of the name is from the sorcerer Merlin.
Naw - name of Seithved's son in legends.
Neb - name of one of Caw's sons.
Nentres - one of eleven kings who revolted against Arthur; he later married Elain and became the King's ally.
Nerth - name of Cadarn's son in old tales.
Nerthach - son of Gwawrddur in legend.
Neued - legendary name of Tringad's father.
Newlin - "dwells near the new pool".
Nissyen - (NESS-yen) "lover of peace"; brother of Evnissyen and his total opposite in morals and temperament. He was also a half-brother to the god Bran.
Nodens - variant of the sea god Llud Llaw Ereint.
Nynnyaw - legendary name of one of Beli's sons.
Odgar - name of one of Aedd's sons.
Ofydd - Welsh version of Ovid, a Roman poet.
Ol - legendary name of Olwydd's son.
Olwydd - "tracker".
Oswallt - Welsh version of Oswald, "strength from god".
Owein - (OH-wayn) from Latin name Eugenius (Eugene) "well- or noble-born"; some sources list it as "young warrior". Owain.
Padrig - (PAHD-rig) Welsh form of Padraig (Patrick), "noble", patron
saint of Ireland.
Parry - (PAHR-ee) from Welsh ap Harri "son of Harry or Henry".
Pasgen - (PAHS-gen) from Welsh Pasg "Easter".
Pawl - (POWL) Welsh form of Paul, "little".
Pedr - (PEDR) Welsh form of Peter, "rock". Pedran (PED-rahn), Petran (PET-rahn).
Peissawg - name of a king of Brittany in legends.
Pelles - known as the Wounded King of the Grail Castle after he was wounded through both thighs; his daughter Elaine bore Galahad, Lancelot's son.
Pellinore - brother of Pelles, King of the Isles, and one of the greatest Knights of the Round Table.
Pellyn - "from the lake's headland".
Pembroke - "headland".
Penn - "from the peak".
Pennar - (PEN-ahr) from Welsh pen "head" + ardd "hill, height".
Penvro - "from Pembroke".
Perceval - name of a Knight of the Round Table. Percival, Parzival.
Peredur - (per-ED-eer) Derivation uncertain, perhaps from Welsh peri "spears" + dur "hard". Peredur mab Efrawc was the hero of a Welsh Arthurian grail romance.
Powell - "son of Howell"; name of one of the Welsh kings.
Price - "son of Rhys" and "son of the ardent one".
Pryderi - (pra-DAYR-ee) In the Mabinogi, Pryderi was stolen by a monstrous claw on the night of his birth and deposited in Teyrnon Twrf Fliant's stable. He renamed the child Gwri Gwallt Euryn (Gwri Golden - Hair) and raised him, until it was clear he was the missing son of Pwyll and Rhiannon. When returned to his mother, her first words were "I would be relieved of my care (pryder) if this were true!" So he was renamed Pryderi.
Prydwen - "handsome".
Prys - (PREES) from ap Rhys "son of Rhys". Price.
Puw - Welsh version of Pugh, "son of Hugh".
Pwyll - "son of Howell"; in ancient legends, he was the lord of Dyfed when he met Arawn, lord of Annwn, and took his place for a year in the Otherworld.
Pyrs - Welsh form of Pierce, "stone" or "rock".
Reese - "ardent one".
Ren - "ruler". Ryn.
Renfrew - dwellls near the still river" or "raven wood". Rhinfrew.
Rhain - (RHIIN) from Welsh rhain "spear, lance". Rhainallt (RHIIN-alht) "hill".
Rheged - legendary name of Gwres' father.
Rhett - "enthusiastic".
Rhionganedd - name of a prince of Ireland in old legends.
Rhisiart - (RHISH-art) Welsh form of Richard, "strong ruler".
Rhobert - Welsh form of Robert, "brilliant, renowned".
Rhodri - (RHOD-ree) from Welsh rhod "circle" + rhi "ruler". Rhodri Fawr (Rhodri the Great) was an important 9th C. king He was a renowned warrior, as well as the ancestor of many of the later dynasties of Wales.
Rhun - name of one of Beli's sons.
Rhuvawn - name of Deorthach's son in legends.
Rhyawdd - name of Morgant's son in old tales.
Rhychdir - "from the plow land".
Rhyd - "from the ford".
Rhydderch - (RHUHTH-erx) from Welsh rhi "king" + derchafu "ascending". Rhydderch Hael (Rhydderch the Generous) was a king of the Old North in the 6th C. He fought alongside Urien Rheged and Morcant against the incursions of Anglians into the area that is now southern Scotland.
Rhys - (RHEES) from Welsh rhys "ardor, passion, rash". Reece, Rice, Reis, Riess, Rhett.
Robat - (ROB-at) Welsh form of Robert. Nickname Robyn (ROB-een). The 15th C. Robyn Ddu (Black Robin) and the 19th C. Robyn Ddu Eryri (Black Robin of Snowdonia) were noted Welsh poets. Robet.
Romney - "dwells near the curving river". Rumenea.
Sayer - from the word for "carpenter".
Seith - "seven". Saith.
Sel - legendary name of Selgi's son.
Selwyn - (SEL-ween) from Welsh sel "ardor" + gwyn "shining, holy".
Selyf - Welsh version of Solomon, "peace".
Selyv - name of Kynan's son in old legends.
Seren - (SER-en) Welsh word for "star". Sirona, from the same Celtic root, was an ancient Gaulish goddess of hot springs. Male or female name.
Siam - (SHAM) Welsh form of James.
Siarl - (SHARL) Welsh form of Charles, "manly".
Siawn -name of Iaen's son in old tales.
Siencyn - Welsh version of Jenkin, "god is gracious".
Sinnoch - name of one of Seithved's sons in tales.
Sion - (SHON) Welsh form of John. Sioni (SHON-ee), Sionyn (SHON-een).
Sior - (SHOR) Welsh form of George, "farmer".
Steffan - Welsh form of Stephen, "crowned with laurels".
Sugyn - legendary name of Sugynedydd's son.
Sulien - (SIL-yen) from Welsh sul "sun" + geni "born". Originally the name of a Celtic sun god. 11th C. Welsh bishop of St. David's named Sulien was reputed to have been the most learned man in all Wales.
Sulyen - variant of Sulien; and name of one of Iaen's sons in old tales.
Syvwlch - legendary name of Cleddyv Kyvwich's son.
Tad - "father". Tadd.
Taffy - "beloved".
Taliesin - (tahl-YES-in) from Welsh tal "forehead, brow" + iesin "radiant, shining". A 6th C. poet who composed pems in praise of the heroes Owein, Urien Rheged and others.
Tarrant - variant of Taranis, a thunder and storm god, similar to Jupiter. Tarran, Taryn, Taren, Terrant.
Tegid Foel - husband of the goddess Cerridwen, their home was under Lake Tegid.
Tegvan - name of Cerridwen's son.
Teilo - (TAY-loh) A 6th C. saint who founded a church at Llandeilo Fawr in Dyfed. After his death, a dispute arose between the churces of Llandeilo, Llandaf, and Penally on where Teilo's remains were to be kept. His body miraculously triplicated so that no one would be left out.
Teithi - name of one of Gwynnan's sons in old tales.
Teregud - name of one of Iaen's sons in old stories.
Teryrnon - (TAYR-non) from Celtic tigernonos "divine prince". In the Mabinogi, Teyrnon Twrf Fliant was Pryderi's foster father.
Timotheus - Welsh version of Timothy, "honors god".
Tomos - (TOHM-ohs) Welsh version of Thomas, "twin". Nickname Twm (TOOM). Twm Sion Cati (1530-1609) was an antiquarian, poet and outlaw, and known as the Welsh Robin Hood.
Tor - natural son of King Pellinore, who was raised by a cowheard. The truth of his ancestry came out when he asked to be a Knight of the Round Table.
Trahern - "incredibly strong" or "strong as iron".
Trefor - (TREV-ohr) from Welsh tref "home, town" + mor "great". Name used since the 10th C.
Tremayne - "lives in the house by the rock". Tremen.
Trent - "dwells near the rapid stream". Trynt.
Trevelyan - "from Elian's home".
Tringad - legendary name of Neued's son.
Tristan - from an Old Welsh word for "noisy one"; "clamor". Confused with Tristram; Tristan is mentioned as a Knight of the Round Table in the Arthurian sagas.
Tristram - "sorrowful". The tragic tale of Tristram (Tristan in Arthurian legend) and Isolde; he was the son of King Meliodas and Queen Elizabeth of Lyonnesse and went to his uncle King Mark in Cornwall after his country sand under the ocean. There, he fell in love with Isolde, his uncle's wife, and caused a great scandal. He served King Arthur for a time, but went to Brittany where he was mortally wounded.
Tudur - (TID-ir) from Celtic teutorigos "king of the tribe". Tewdwr ap Giffri was a 10th C. king of Brecon. Tudur Aled was a renowned Welsh poet of the early Tudor era. Tudor (TID-or), Twedwr (tee-OO-door).
Twm - Welsh version of Tom, "gift from god".
Twrgadarn - "tower of strength".
Tywysog - "prince".
Uchdryd - name of Erim's son in ancient tales.
Urien - traditional name of the king of the land of Gorre who was associated with the Round Table. He married Morgan le Fay, their son was Owain.
Vaddon - "from Bath".
Vaughn - "small one". Vychan.
Wadu - name of one of Seithved's sons in lengends.
Waljan - "chosen".
Weyland - a god of smiths, said to have made Excalibur. His name is still associated with several sites in Wales and Britain.
Wmffre - (OOM-free) Welsh form of Humphrey, "friend of the Huns". Wmmffre.
Wren - "ruler".
Wynn - "handsome", "fair, white one", or "light complexion". Wyn.
Yale - "fertile upland".
Yestin - Welsh form of Justin.
Ysberin - name of Fflergant's son in old tales.
Ysgawyn - name of Panon's son in old tales.
Yspadaden Pencawr - named as the father of Olwen in the story Culhwch and Ol.
Welsh female first names
Aberfa - "from the mouth of the river".
Abertha - from a word meaning "sacrifice".
Adain - from a Welsh word meaning "winged".
Adara - "catches birds".
Addfwyn - from a word meaning "meek".
Addiena - "beautiful". Addien.
Adyna - "wretched".
Aelwyd - from words meaning "from the hearth".
Aeron - Welsh name borne in early Celtic mythology by the goddess of battle and slaughter, Agrona. Probably a derivative of modern Welsh aer "battle". Also possibly selected for vocabulary word aeron "fruit, berries". Aeronwy, Aeronwen are also common.
Amser - "time".
Angharad - (ahng-HAHR-ahd) "greatly loved one"; from Welsh/Old Celtic prefix an- + the root car "love" + the noun suffix -ad. Popular in the Middle Ages. Anghard.
Anna - name of one of King Arthur's sisters.
Annwyl - Welsh, from the vocabulary work annwyl "beloved". Anwyl.
Argel - "refuge".
Arglwyddes - from a word meaning "lady".
Argoel - "omen".
Argraff - from a word meaning "impression".
Arial - "vigorous".
Ariana - "silvery"; variant of Arionrhod. Arian.
Arianell - (ah-ree-AHN-elh) from Welsh arian "silver".
Ariene - "silvery".
Aranrhod - possibly composed of Old Celtic elements meaning "huge, round, humped" + "wheel". Arianrhod, Arionrhod.
Arianrhod - (ah-ree-AHN-rhod) from Welsh arian "silver" + rhod "wheel, circle, orbit". In the Mabinogi*, Arianrhod verch* Don was the mother of Dylan eil Ton and Llew Llaw Gyffes. Arionrhod, Aranrhod (ah-RAHN-rhod).
Arianwen - (ah-RAHN-wen) Fr. Welsh arian "silver" + (g)wen "white, fair, blessed, shining, holy". Aranwen (ah-ree-AHN-wen).
Arlais - "from the temple". Artaith.
Armes - from a word meaning "prophetess".
Arthes - "she-bear"; feminine form of Artur.
Arwydd - "sign".
Asgre - from a word meaning "heart".
Auron - (AYR-on) Fr. Welsh aur "gold" + -on, "a divine ending". Euron.
Avenable - a girl in the Merlin legends, she took the covering name of Grisandole and disguised herself as a squire to find work in the Emperor of Rome's court. She was sent to Merlin, who lived in the woods, to discover the meaning of a dream the Emperor had. Merlin interpreted the dream, and also revealed the squire was a woman; she later married the Emperor.
Banon - from a word meaning "queen".
Berth - "beautiful".
Berthog - "wealthy".
Bethan - (BETH-ahn) "consecrated to God"'; Welsh version of Elizabeth. Bet, Beti, Betsan, Betsi.
Blanchfleur - name of Perceval's sister, who was a healer.
Blodeuwedd - (BLOD-eh-weth or blod-AY-weth) from Welsh blodau "flowers" + gwedd "appearance, form". In Mabinogi, she was the wife of Llew Llaw Gyffes. Magicians Gwydion an Math made her out of the flowers of oak, broom and meadow-sweet, and changed her into an owl when she refused to do their bidding. Blanceflor.
Blodwen - (BLOD-wen) from blodyn "flower" + gwen "shining, holy". Blodwen is a classic girl's name. Blodwyn, Blodwin.
Braith - "freckled"; related to Celtic word brec.
Brandgaine - maid to Isolde (sometimes called Iseult); she administered the love potion that bound Tristan and Isolde together forever.
Branwen - (BRAN-wen or BRAN-oo-wen) "white bosomed," or "a girl with black hair and white skin"; from Welsh bran "crow" + gwen "shining, holy". In Mabinogi, Branwen is Bran's sister. They are male and female aspects of the Celtic war deity. Popular name in Wales. Brangwen, Bronwen (BRON-wen or BRON-oo-wen).
Bregus - "frail".
Briallen - (bree-AHL-en) from Welsh briallu "primrose".
Brisen - a great enchantress who brought about the birth of Galahad by drugging Lancelot and told him that Elaine was actually Guinevere.
Bronwen - (BRON-wen) from Welsh bron "breast" + gwen "shining, holy"; also a variant of Branwen.
Buddug - "victory"; Welsh version of Victoria.
Brynn - (BRIN) "hill".
Cadwyn - "bright chain".
Caethes - from a word meaning "slave".
Cafell - "oracle".
Canaid - from a word meaning "song".
Cari - (KAHR-ee) Fr. Welsh caru "to love"; possibly also "friend" or a form of Caroline. Caryl (KAHR-il); Carys (KAHR-ees).
Caron - "loving or kind-hearted".
Carys - variant of Cari. Caris, Cerys.
Cate - short form of Catrin; form of Catherine/Katherine; also used as an alternative to Kate.
Cath - "cat".
Catrin - (KAHT-reen) "pure"; Welsh form of Catherine. Catrin of Berain (1534-1591) was called Mother of Wales because she had so many important descendants. Nicknames: Cati (KAHT-ee); Cadi (KAHD-ee).
Ceri - (KER-ee) Name of two rivers, one in Dyfed and on in Glamorgan. May come from Welsh caru "to love".
Ceridwen - (ker-ID-wen) Poss. from Welsh cerdd "song" + gwen "shining, holy"; or cariad "beloved" + gwen "shining, holy". Ceridwen was a powerful sorceress in the tale of Taliesin. Caridwen, Cerridwen.
Cerwen - (KER-wen) possibly means "black" or "white".
Cigfa - daughter of Gwyn Gohoyw and the royal line of Casnar Wledig; and married to Pryderi.
Clarisant - a name mentioned in the Arthurian legends as the name of Gawain's sister. Clarisse.
Cordelia - variant of Creiddylad.
Corsen - "reed".
Cragen - from a word meaning "shell".
Creiddylad - daughter of Lludd Llaw Ereint; eloped with Gwythyr ap Greidawl, but was kidnapped by Gwynn ap Nudd and takend to the Underworld. Creudylad, Cordelia.
Creirwy - daughter of the goddess Ceridwen; Welsh Triads call her one of the three beautiful maids of Britain.
Cymreiges - "a woman of Wales".
Daron - (DAHR-on) from Welsh dar "oak" + -on, "divine
ending". Name of an oak goddess and a river in Caernarvonshire.
Dee - "dark or black sorrow". Dea, Deea, Du, Delia.
Del - (DEL, DEL-ith) from Welsh del "pretty". Delyth (DEL-ith).
Dera - from words meaning "wild spirit" or "fiend". Daere.
Derwen - "from the oak tree"; may be related to the Celtic word druid.
Deryn - "bird". Derrine, Derren, Deryne.
Deverell - "from the riverbank".
Dicra - from a word meaning "slow".
Dierdre - Welsh spelling of Deirdre, "sorrow".
Difyr - "amusing".
Dilys - (DIL-ees) from Welsh dilys "genuine" or "true". Popular name originated in 19th C.
Don - (DOHN-ah) Name of a mother goddess in Welsh mythology, similar to Irish Danu. Celtic root of her name shows up in river names across Europe, including the Danube and the Don. Donn, Dona (DOHN-ah).
Druantia - a Celtic goddess known as Mother of the Tree Calendar and Queen of the Druids.
Drysi - "thorn".
Dwyn - from Welsh dwyn "pleasant, agreeable" + gwen "shining, holy". St. Dwynwen of the 5th C. was prayed to either for help finding sweethearts or help in becoming indifferent to them afterwards. Dwynwen (DWIN-wen).
Dylis - from a word meaning "sincere". Dyllis.
Ebrill - "April" or "one born in April".
Efa - Welsh version of Eve, "life".
Eheubryd - a legendary name belonging to the daughter of Kyvwich.
Eira - (AY-rah) from Welsh eira "snow". Eiry (AY-ree).
Eirianwen - (ayr-YAHN-wen) from Welsh eirian "splendid, bright, fair" + gwen "shining, holy".
Eiriol - (AYR-yol) from Welsh eira "snow". Eirlys (AYR-lees). Both are names or the flower "snowdrop".
Elaine - known as the Lady of Shallot in literature; and Elaine of Corbenic and Elaine de Astolat in Arthurian legend. Elaine de Astolat, "The White", fell in love with Lancelot and died with he did not return her love.
Elen - Welsh form of Helen, "light".
Eleri - (el-AYR-ee) Poss. derived from Welsh el- "greatly, much" + geri "bitter". Name of a river in Ceredigion and a 5th C. saint.
Ellylw - legendary name belonging to the daughter of Neol Hang Cock.
Eluned - (el-EEN-ed) from Welsh -el "greatly, much" + (i)uned "wish, desire". Luned was a handmaiden of the Lady of the Fountain in the Welsh Arthurian romance Owein. She had a magic ring that made the wearer invisible-one of the Thirteen Treasures of the Island of Britain. Eluned's beauty and intelligence were legendary. Luned (LEEN-ed).
Eneuawy - legendary name, and the name of the daughter of Bedwyr.
Enfys - (EN-vees) Welsh word for "rainbow", and currently popular.
Enid - (EE-nid) from a word meaning "sould, life, or spirit". from Breton Bro Wened, a territory corresponding to the are around modern-day Vannes in Brittany. Enid cerch Niwl Iarll (Daughter of the Earl of the Mist) is the heroine of a Welsh Arthurian romance, Geraint mab Erbin. May have originally been a Celtic goddess of sovereignty, an embodiment of the land, to whom the true king must be symbolically married. Enit.
Enrhydreg - daughter of Tuduathar of Welsh legends.
Epona - known to all Celts as the Divine Horse and Great Mare, she was a goddess associated with horses, their breeding, adn all warriors who used horses.
Erdudvyl - daughter of Tryffin of Welsh tales.
Eres - "wonderful".
Essyllt - (ES-ilht) possibly from British adsiltia "she who is gazed at". Welsh form of Isolde, the tragic heroine of the Tristan saga. Esyllt.
Eurneid - daughter of Clydno in Welsh tales.
Eurolwyn - daughter of Gwydolwyn in Welsh legends.
Eyslk - "fair".
Ffanci - Welsh version of Fancy.
Ffion - (FEE-on) from ffion "foxglove". Ffiona (fee-OH-nah).
Fflur - (FLEER) from the Welsh word for "flower". In legend, Julius Caesar kidnapped her from Britain and took her to Rome. Her beloved Caswallon, disguised as a shoemaker, followed and won her back.
Ffraid - (FRAYD) Welsh form of Brigid, the Irish saint.
Gaenor - (GAY-nor) form of Gwenhwyfar or Guenivere; popular in 19th
and 20th C.'s. Gaynor.
Ganieda - sometimes called Gwenddydd, said to live in the forest and give prophecies; possibly the sister of Merlin.
Garan - "stork".
Genevieve - (prob. fr. Celt) possibly a variant of Guinevere.
Gladys - (GLAH-dis) from Welsh gwlad "land, nation, sovereignty". Gwladys (goo-LAH-dis).
Glenna - "from the valley or glen".
Glenys - (GLEN-is) from Welsh glan "riverbank, shore". Glan, Ghleanna (Irish Gaelic).
Glynis - (GLIN-is) "one who lives in the glen or valley"; from Welsh glyn "valley"; feminine form of Glyn. Glynys.
Goewin - fabled name of the daughter of Pebin; she was the virgin footholder for King Math until she was raped by Gilfaethwy. Math married her to erase her disgrace.
Goleuddydd - "bright day"; listed as the mother of Culhwch in Welsh stories.
Gorawen - "joy".
Guinevere - "fair one"; a variant spelling of Gwenhwyfar; in Arthurian legend, the daughter of Leodegrance of Cameliard, and the wife of King Arthur. She was found guilty of adultery and banished to the Amesbury monastery in Malory's story. Modern variants Guenevere, Gwenevere.
Gwaeddan - name of the daughter of Kynvelyn in Welsh tales.
Gwanwyn - "spring".
Gwawr - (GWOWR) Welsh word for "dawn". Popular in recent years.
Gwen - (GWEN) "perception or discovery of the meaning of the light of the Otherworld"; from Welsh gwen, gwyn "white, shining, holy". Also a shortened form of Guinivere. Gwyn (GWIN).
Gwenda - (GWEN-dah) from Welsh gwen "shining, holy" + da "good"; "fair and good".
Gwendolyn - (gwen-DOHL-en) variant of Guinevere meaning "white brow"; from Welsh gwen "shining, holy" + dolen "link". Gwendolen.
Gwener - Welsh version of Venus, goddess of love.
Gweneth - from the Welsh words meanign "white, blessed one"; another sources says "wheat". Gwynedd, Gwyneth, Gwenith (GWEN-ith).
Gwenhwyfar - (gwen-HWIV-ahr) Welsh original of Guinevere, from gwen "shining, holy" + hwyfer "phantom, spirit, fairy". One of the most common names among Welsh women fr. Middle Ages until the 19th C., esp. in N. Wales.
Gwenledyr - legendary name of the daughter of Gwawrddur Hunchback.
Gwenith - (GWEN-ith) Welsh word for "wheat".
Gwenllian - (gwen-LHEE-ahn) from Welsh gwen "shining, holy" + lliant "stream". Gwenllian has been popular since the Middle Ages. Gwenlliant (gwen-LHEE-ahnt)
Gwenn Alarch - legendary name of the daughter of Kynwal.
Gwenno - (GWEN-oh) Nickname for Gwen names.
Gwerfyl - (GWAYR-vil) Gwerful Mechain was a poet of 15th C. Powys, one of the few early Welsh women poets whose work has been preserved. Gwerful (GWAYR-vil).
Gwladys - (goo-LAH-dis) from the Welsh gwlad "land, nation, or sovereignty"; some sources say "a small sword"; while others say it derives from the gladiolus flower. Gladys.
Gwyneira - Welsh in origin meaning "white snow"; from gwyn "white" + eira "snow". Originating from Penclawwd on the Gower Peninsular.
Gwyneth - (GWIN-eth) from Welsh gwen "shining, holy" + geneth "girl", or from gwynaeth "happiness, bliss".
Hafgan - (HAHV-gahn) from Welsh haf "summer" + can
"song"; male or female name.
Hafren - (HAHV-ren) from Celtic Sabrina, goddess of the river Severn.
Heledd - (HEL-eth) from Welsh hy-, a particle inidicating "goodness" + ledd "wound".
Hellawes - an enchantress said to live in the Castle Nigramours (Necromancy); she died when she failed to win Lancelot's love.
Heulwen - (HIL-wen) from Welsh heul "sun" + gwen "shining, holy". Heulyn.
Heulyn - (HIL-een) "ray of sunshine".
Hywela - (huh-WEL-ah) feminine form of Hywel, from hywel "eminent".
Idelle - Welsh version of Ida.
Igerna - wife of Gorlois of Cornwall who was loved by Uther Pendragon; she became the mother of Arthur through shapeshifting deception of Merlin's making.
Iola - (YOH-lah) feminine form of Iolo, which comes from Iowerth. All three derive from the Norse ior "lord", and Welsh gwerth "worth, value".
Isolde - "fair"; name of the herione in the Tristan saga and the name of a princess in Arthurian sagas. Isolda, Isolt, Iseult.
Jenifer - from Welsh meaning "friend of peace"; Old Welsh "white phantom, white spirit"; and a variant of Guinevere. The spelling with one 'n' is traditional. Jennifer.
Kelemon - name of the daughter of Kei in Welsh tales.
Kigva - legendary name of the wife of Partholon's son.
Lilybet - "God's promise".
Linette - from a Welsh word meaning "idol".
Llinos - (LHEE-nos) Welsh word for "linnet", which is a bird.
Llio - (LHEE-oh) Originally a nickname for Gwenllian, but now a name of its own.
Lowri - (LOW-ree) "crown of laurels"; from Latin laura "laurel"; Welsh version of Laurel or Laura. Popular in N. Wales.
Lysanor - mother of one of Arthur's illegitimate sons.
Mab - means "baby" in Welsh. Mab was the queen of Faery in Welsh
Mabli - Welsh version of Mabel, "loveable".
Mair - (MIR) Mair + gwen "shining, holy"; Welsh form of Mary "bitter". Meira (MAYR-ah), Mairwen (MIR-wen).
Maledisant - "ill speech"; wife of the knight Bruno le Noir.
Mali - Welsh form of Molly, which is a form of Mary, "bitter".
Marged - (MAHR-ged) Welsh form of Margaret. Marared (mahr-AHR-ed), Mared (MAHR-ed), Margaid (MAHR-gyahd); nickname Megan (MEG-ahn).
Meghan - nickname and form of Margaret; meaning either "pearl" or "mighty one"; possibly from the novel "The Thorn Birds". Megan.
Melangell - (mel-AHNG-elh) Melangell, Welsh patron saint of animals, was a 6th C. Irish princess who hid a hare from the hounds, and given land for a convent in Wales. There, the hare is called "Melangell's little lamb", and until recently not hunted.
Meleri - (mel-AYR-ee) from Welsh my "my" + Eleri, name of a 5th C. saint, the grandmother of St. David.
Meredith - either "magnificent" or "protector or guardian from the sea".
Meriel - (MER-yel) Welsh adaption of a name derived from Old Irish muir "sea" + gel "bright". Meryl (MER-eel).
Modlen - Welsh version of Magdalene, "tower".
Modron - "mother". Modron was the mother of Mabon, whose father came from the Otherworld.
Mon - (MOAN) Mon Mam Cymru is a Welsh saying that means "Mon, the mother of Wales". Mona
Morfudd - (MOHR-vith) poss. from Welsh mawr "great, big" + either budd "benefit, victory" or gwyd "sight, knowledge". Name of a woman immortalized by the 14th C. poet Dafydd ap Gwilym. Morfyd (MOH-vith).
Morgan - (MOHR-gahn) from Welsh mor "sea" or mawr "great, big" + can "bright" or cant "circle" or geni "born". Could mean anything from "big circle" to "sea-born". Most famous Morgan is probably Morgan la Fee, King Arthur's half-sister and famed sorceress. Morgana, Morgant (MOHR-gahnt).
Morgana - "edge of the sea".
Morgause - daughter of Gorlois of Cornwall and Igerna, a half-sister of Arthur by whom she bore Mordred. Margawse, Morgose.
Morvudd - legendary name of the daughter of Uryen.
Morwen - (MOHR-wen) from Welsh morwyn "maiden". Morwenna (mohr-WEN-ah).
Myfanwy - (muh-VAHN-wee or mih-FAN-uh-wee) from Welsh my "my" + manwy "fine, rare". Myfanawy; nicknames Myfi (MUH-vee), Myfina (muh-VEE-nah).
Nerys - (NER-ees) from Welsh ner "lord", and a modern form of
the medieval name Generys.
Nesta - (NEST-ah) popular Welsh version of Agnes. Annest (AHN-nest), Nest (NEST). 11th C. Nest verch Rhys ap Tewdwr was known as "Helen of Wales" for her beauty and the trouble it caused.
Neued - legendary name of the daughter of Kyvwich.
Nia - (NEE-ah) Welsh form of Irish name Niamh, from Old Irish niam "luster, sheen, brilliance".
Nimue - a moon goddess who was sometimes called Viviene, Niniane, or Lady of the Lake.
Nona - (NOH-nah) Mother of St. David, patron saint of Wales. Also said she was a cousin of King Arthur. Nicknames Non (NOHN), Nonita (noh-NEE-tah). St. Nona's Feast day is March 2, the day after her son's.
Olwen - (OHL-wen) "white footprint" or "shining track"; from ol
"track, trace" + gwen "shining, holy". Olwen was the daughter of the
giant Ysbaddaden in the early Welsh tale Kulhwch and Olwen. White
Owena - "born to nobility"; feminine form of Owen.
Penarddun - legendary name of the daughter of Beli.
Petra - (PET-rah) Welsh feminine form of Peter.
Ragnell - enchanted into an ugly form of the Loathly Lady, she aided
Gawain in finding the answer to the riddle "what do women desire?" He married
her, not knowing that with the first kiss she would become beautiful.
Rathtyen - name of the daughter of Clememyl in Welsh tales.
Rhan - "fate".
Rhawn - from words meaning "coarse or long hair".
Rhedyn - from a word meaning "fern".
Rhiamon - "witch".
Rhian - (RHEE-an) from Welsh rhiain "maiden". Rhian is popular for its resemblance to that of the goddess Rhiannon. Rhiain (RHEE-in).
Rhiannon - (rhee-AHN-on) from Celtic Rigantona "divine queen". In legend, Rhiannon's birds sang more sweetly then any birds of the mortal world, but Rhiannon herself is notable for her habit of speaking her mind forthrightly and with wit. A mythological nymph.
Rhianwen - (rhee-AHN-wen) from Welsh rhiain "maiden" + gwen "shining, holy".
Rhonda - from a word meaning "grand".
Rhonwen - (RHON-wen) poss. from Welsh rhon "spear" + gwen "shining, holy"; other sources say it means "white hair" and related to the name Rowena. Nickname: Rhona (RHOH-nah).
Rhosyn - from the Welsh word meaning "rose".
Rowena - "white- or fair-haired".
Saeth - "arrow".
Saffir - Welsh word for "sapphire".
Sarff - possibly means "snake".
Seren - (SER-en) Welsh word for "star". Sirona, from the same Celtic root, was an ancient Gaulish goddess of hot springs.
Sian - (SHAN) "God's gracious gift"; Welsh form of Jane or Jean. Siani (SHAN-ee), Sioned (SHON-ed).
Sioned - (SHON-ed) variant of Sian; Welsh form of Janet.
Siwan - (SHOO-ahn) "bright as the sun"; from sul "sun" + gwen "shining, holy"; Welsh form of Joan.
Taffy - from a word meaning "beloved". Taffia, Taffine.
Talaith - "diadem" (a crown or headband worn as a sign of sovereignty; royal authority or status).
Talar - from the Welsh words meaning "from the headland in the field".
Tanwen - (TAHN-wen) from Welsh tan "fire" + gwen "shining, holy". Tangwen, legendary name of the daughter of Gweir.
Tarian - "shield".
Tarran - "from the knoll".
Tegan - (TEG-ahn) from Welsh teg "pretty, fine" + dim. -an. Name of an early saint and a river in Ceredigion.
Tegau - (TEG-ay) from Welsh teg "fair, pretty, fine". In legend, Tegau Eurfron (Golden-Breast) was the wife of Caradoc Freichfras (Strong-Arm) and one of the 3 Faithful Women of the Island of Britain. She owned a mantle (one of the 13 Treasures of Britain) that would reach the ground only when worn by a chaste woman, and which became shorter the more faithless its wearer. Tegau was reputedly the only woman of King Arthur's court who could wear the mantle at full length.
Tegeirian - (teg-AYR-yahn) from Welsh teg "pretty, fine" + eirian "beautiful". Also the Welsh word for "orchid".
Tegwen - (TEG-wen) teg "pretty, fine" + gwen "shining, holy".
Teleri - (tel-AYR-ee) from Welsh ty "your" + Eleri, name of an early saint and of a river in Dyfed. Teleri verch Peul was one of the maidens of King Arthur's court mentioned in Kulhwch and Olwen.
Telyn - "harp".
Terrwyn - from the word meaning "brave".
Toreth - "abundant".
Torlan - from words meaning "from the river bank".
Torri - "break".
Trevina - "homestead"; feminine version of Trevor.
Tristan - "clamor".
Una - from the Irish Gaelic word meaning "white wave".
Vala - "chosen".
Vanora - variant of Guinevere, "white wave".
Vivian - legendary name from the tales of King Arthur, also known as Nimue. Viviane, Vivianne, Viviene, Vivienne.
Wenda - variant of Gwendolyn.
Winnifred - variant of Guinevere, "white wave".
Wynne - variant of Gwen, from gwyn "fair, white"; form of Wynn, "light complexion".
Ysbail - Welsh version of Isabel, "consecrated to god".
Yseult - alternate form of Isolde.